Parasitology Research

, Volume 103, Issue 6, pp 1333–1338 | Cite as

Castalagin from Anogeissus leiocarpus mediates the killing of Leishmania in vitro

  • M. N. ShuaibuEmail author
  • K. Pandey
  • P. A. Wuyep
  • T. Yanagi
  • K. Hirayama
  • A. Ichinose
  • T. Tanaka
  • I. Kouno
Original Paper


Stem barks of Anogeissus leiocarpus and Terminalia avicennoides widely used in Africa for treatment of some parasitic diseases were collected and made into methanolic extracts. The extracts were tested on four strains of promastigote forms of Leishmania in vitro. Solvent fractionation in aqueous, butanolic, and ethyl acetate layer indicated butanol and aqueous fractions to have a superior leishmanicidal activity. Chromatographic separation of the butanolic fraction on Sephadex LH-20 followed by nuclear magnetic resonance and correlation high-performance liquid chromatography revealed the presence of known hydrolyzable tannins and some related compounds—with castalagin as the major compound. The observed activity ranged from 62.5 to ≥150, 112.5 to ≥500, and 55 to >150 μg/ml for the crude methanolic extract, different solvent fractions, and the isolated compounds, respectively, on the four different Leishmania strains.


Leishmaniasis Hydrolyzable Tannin Crude Methanolic Extract Antileishmanial Activity Punicalagin 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work was supported by the Japanese Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS). MNS was a JSPS fellow and wishes to thank JSPS for the opportunity given to conduct this research.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. N. Shuaibu
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • K. Pandey
    • 5
  • P. A. Wuyep
    • 6
  • T. Yanagi
    • 3
  • K. Hirayama
    • 2
  • A. Ichinose
    • 4
  • T. Tanaka
    • 1
  • I. Kouno
    • 1
  1. 1.Natural Product Chemistry, Graduate School of Biomedical SciencesNagasaki UniversityNagasakiJapan
  2. 2.Department of Immunogenetics, Institute of Tropical MedicineNagasaki UniversityNagasakiJapan
  3. 3.Animal Research Centre for Tropical Infections, Institute of Tropical MedicineNagasaki UniversityNagasakiJapan
  4. 4.Electron Microscopy Central Laboratory, Institute of Tropical MedicineNagasaki UniversityNagasakiJapan
  5. 5.Department of Protozoology, Institute of Tropical MedicineNagasaki UniversityNagasakiJapan
  6. 6.Department of Biological SciencesAhmadu Bello UniversityZariaNigeria

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