Parasitology Research

, Volume 102, Issue 5, pp 1081–1083 | Cite as

Prevalence and intensity of blood apicomplexan infections in reptiles from Romania

  • A. D. Mihalca
  • K. Racka
  • C. Gherman
  • D. T. Ionescu
Short Communication

Abstract

In order to evaluate prevalence and intensity of apicomplexan hemoparasites in free-ranging reptiles from Romania, blood smears were collected from European pond turtles (Emys orbicularis), sand lizards (Lacerta agilis), and spur-thighed tortoises (Testudo graeca). All three host species were positive for blood parasites, with prevalence of infected individuals between 60.71% and 100% and variable intensity. Similarities and differences with other epidemiological data are discussed.

Keywords

Host Species Blood Smear Infected Erythrocyte Blood Parasite Apicomplexan Parasite 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was funded by grant no. CNCSIS 33968/2003/86/32. The first author is indebted to his wife Linda for great help during field work with T. graeca.

References

  1. Amo L, López P, Martín J (2004) Prevalence and intensity of haemogregarinid blood parasites in a population of Iberian rock lizard, Lacerta monticola. Parasitol Res 94:290–293PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Amo L, Fargallo JA, Martínez-Padilla J, Millán J, López P, Martín J (2005) Prevalence and intensity of blood and intestinal parasites in a field population of a Mediterranean lizard, Lacerta lepida. Parasit Res 96:413–417CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Brooks RJ, Galbraith DA, Layfield JA (1990) Occurrence of Placobdella parasitica (Hirudinea) on snapping turtles Chelydra serpentina, in Southeastern Ontario. J Parasitol 76:190–195CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cornelson D, Ungureanu E (1947) Notă preliminară asupra hemogregarinului din sângele reptilelor în regiunea de nord a României. Rev St Med Bucureşti 36:352–354Google Scholar
  5. Desser SS, Yekutiel D (1986) Blood parasites of amphibians and reptiles in Israel. Isr J Zool 34:77–90Google Scholar
  6. Hahn CW (1909) The stages of Haemogregarina stepanovi Danilewsky found in the blood of turtles with especial reference to changes in the nucleus. Arch Protistenkd 17:307–376Google Scholar
  7. Jakes KA, O’Donoghue P, Munro M, Adlard R (2001) Hemoprotozoa of freshwater turtles in Queensland. J Wildl Dis 37:12–19PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. McAllister CT, King AW (1980) Hemogregarines in the red-eared slider, Chrysemys scripta elegans (Wied) from Arkansas. Proc Ark Acad Sci 34:124Google Scholar
  9. McAllister CT, Upton SJ, Trauth SE (1995) Hemogregarines (Apicomplexa) and Falcaustra chelydrae (Nematoda) in an alligator sapping turtle, Macroclemys temminckii (Reptilia: Testudinidae), from Arkansas. J Helm Soc Wash 62:74–75Google Scholar
  10. McAuliffe JR (1977) A hypothesis explaining variations of hemogregarine parasitemia in different aquatic turtle species. J Parasitol 63:580–581PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Mihalca AD (2007) [Parasites of European pond turtle (Emys orbicularis), sand lizard (Lacerta agilis) and grass snake (Natrix tessellata) in their natural environment, in Romania][in Romanian with English abstract]. PhD Thesis, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca, RomaniaGoogle Scholar
  12. Mihalca AD, Achelăriţei D, Popescu P (2002) Haemoparasites of the genus Haemogregarina in a population of European pond turtles (Emys orbicularis) from Drăgăşani, Vâlcea county, Romania. Revista Scientia Parasitologica 3:22–27Google Scholar
  13. Mihalca AD, Cozma V, Gherman C, Achelăriţei D (2004) Effect of Haemogregarina stepanovi Danilewsky, 1885 (Apicomplexa: Haemogregarinidae) on erythrocyte morphology in the European Pond Turtle, Emys orbicularis (Linnaeus, 1758) Blanford, 1876 (Testudines:Emydidae). Revista Scientia Parasitologica 5:71–74Google Scholar
  14. Mihalca AD, Gherman C, Ghira I, Cozma V (2007) Helminth parasites of reptiles (Reptilia) in Romania. Parasitol Res 101:491–492PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Opplinger A, Clobert J (1997) Reduced tail regeneration in the Common Lizard, Lacerta vivipara, parasitized by blood parasites. Funct Ecol 11:652–655CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Opplinger A, Célérier ML, Clobert J (1996) Physiological and behavior changes in common lizards parasitized by haemogregarines. Parasitology 113:433–438CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Opplinger A, Vernet R, Baez M (1999) Parasite local maladaptation in the Canarian lizard Gallotia galloti (Reptilia: Lacertidae) parasitized by haemogregarian blood parasite. J Evol Biol 12:951–955CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Peirce MA, Adlard RD (2004) Haemoparasites from clinical screening of reptiles in South-East Queensland, Australia. Vet Rec 155:708–709PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Popovici-Bâznoşanu A (1906) Sur l’helmintozoire de Testudo ibera. C R Soc Biol Bucureşti 60:173Google Scholar
  20. Popovici-Bîznoşanu A (1901) Contributions à l’étude des parasites endoglobulaires du sang des vertébrés. Bull Soc Sci Bucureşti 10:329–335Google Scholar
  21. Samour HJ, Risley D, March T, Savage B, Nieva O, Jones DM (1984) Blood sampling techniques in reptiles. Vet Rec 114:472–476PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Siddall ME, Desser SS (1992) Prevalence and intensity of Haemogregarina balli (Apicomplexa: Adeleina: Haemogregarinidae) in three turtle species from Ontario, with observation on intraerythrocytic development. Can J Zool 70:123–128Google Scholar
  23. Siddall ME, Gaffney E (2004) Observations on the leech Placobdella ornata feeding from bony tissues of turtles. J Parasitol 90:1186–1188PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Široký P, Kamler M, Modrý D (2005) Prevalence of Hemolivia mauritanica (Apicomplexa: Adeleina: Haemogregarinidae) in natural populations of tortoises of the genus Testudo in the East Mediterranean region. Folia Parasitol (Praha) 52:359–361Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. D. Mihalca
    • 1
  • K. Racka
    • 2
  • C. Gherman
    • 1
  • D. T. Ionescu
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Parasitology and Parasitic DiseasesFaculty of Veterinary MedicineCluj-NapocaRomania
  2. 2.Department of Fish, Bees and Game DiseasesInstitute of ParasitologyKosiceSlovak Republic
  3. 3.Department of game animalsFaculty of ForestryBraşovRomania

Personalised recommendations