Parasitology Research

, Volume 102, Issue 6, pp 1289–1291 | Cite as

The essential oil of Zingiber officinalis Linn (Zingiberaceae) as a mosquito larvicidal and repellent agent against the filarial vector Culex quinquefasciatus Say (Diptera: Culicidae)

  • Thambusamy Pushpanathan
  • Arulsamy Jebanesan
  • Marimuthu Govindarajan
Original Paper

Abstract

Essential oils extracted by steam distillation from Zingiber officinalis was evaluated for larvicidal and repellent activity against the filarial mosquito Culex quinquefasciatus. The larval mortality was observed after 24 h treated for late third instar. The LC50 value was 50.78 ppm. Skin repellent test at 1.0, 2.0, 3.0, and 4.0 mg/cm2 concentration of Z. officinalis gave 100% protection up to 15, 30, 60, and 120 min. These results clearly reveal that the essential oil of Z. officinalis served as a potential larvicidal and repellent agent against filarial vector C. quinquefasciatus.

References

  1. Abbott WS (1925) A method of computing of the effectiveness of an insecticide. J Econ Entomol 18:265–267Google Scholar
  2. Blaschek W, Hansel R, Keller K (1998) Hagers Handbch der pharmazeutichen Praxis, vol. 3, 5th edn. Springer, Berlin, pp 838–858Google Scholar
  3. Brown AWA (1986) Insecticide resistance in mosquitoes: a pragmatic review. J Am Mos Contr Assoc 2:123–139Google Scholar
  4. Chang HM, But PPH (1986) Pharmacology and applications of Chinese materia medica, Vol. 1. World Scientific, SingaporeGoogle Scholar
  5. Farnsworth NR, Bingel AS (1977) Natural products and plant drugs with pharmacological, biological or therapeutic activity. Springer, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  6. Finney DJ (1971) Probit analysis, 3rd edn. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  7. Fisher PR (1991) The role of gaseous metabolites in phototaxis by Dictyostelium discoideum slugs. FEMS Microbiol Letters 77:117–120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Fradin MS, Day JF (2002) Comparative efficacy of insect repellents against mosquito bites. N Engl J Med 341(1):13–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Thomas GT, Rao S, Lal S (2004) Mosquito larvicidal properties of essential oil of an indigenous plant, Ipomea cairica Linn. Jpn J Infect Dis 57:176–177PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Hebbalkar DS, Sharma RN, Joshi VS, Bhat VS (1992) Mosquito repellent activity of oils from Vitex negundo Linn. Leaves Indian J Med Res 95:200–203Google Scholar
  11. Pushpanathan T, Jebanesan A, Govindarajan M (2006) Larvicidal, ovicidal and repellent activities of Cymbopogan citrates Stapf (Graminae) essential oil against the filarial mosquito Culex quinquefasciatus (Say) (Diptera: Culicidae). Tropical Biomed 23(2):208–212Google Scholar
  12. Rajkumar S, Jebanesan A (2005) Repellency of volatile oils from Moschosma polystachyum and Solanum xanthocarpum against filarial vector Culex quinquefasciatus Say. Tropical Biomed 22(2):139–142Google Scholar
  13. Schreck CE, McGovern TP (1989) Repellents and other personal protection against Aedes albopictus. J Am Mosq Control Assoc 5:247–250PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Singh NP, Kumari V, Chauhan D (2003) Mosquito larvicidal properties of the leaf extract of a herbaceous plant, Ocimum canum (Family: Labitae). J Commun Dis 35(1):43–45PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Traboulsi AF, El-Haj S, Tueni M, Taoubi K, Nader NB, Mrad A (2005) Repellency and toxicity of aromatic plant extracts against the mosquito Culex pipiens molestus (Diptera: Culicidae). Pest Management Sci 61:597–604CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Tyagi BK, Ramnath T, Shahi AK (1994) Evaluation of repellency effect of Tagetus minuta (Family: Compositae) against the vector mosquitoes Anopheles stephensi Liston, Culex quinquefasciatus Say and Aedes aegypti L. Int Pest Contr 39:48Google Scholar
  17. WHO (1996) Report of the WHO informal consultation on the evaluation and testing of insecticides. CTD/WHOPES /IC /96.1. p.69Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thambusamy Pushpanathan
    • 1
  • Arulsamy Jebanesan
    • 1
  • Marimuthu Govindarajan
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Vector Biology, Department of ZoologyAnnamalai UniversityTamil NaduIndia

Personalised recommendations