Parasitology Research

, Volume 102, Issue 5, pp 867–873 | Cite as

Larvicidal activity of some Euphorbiaceae plant extracts against Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae)

  • A. Abdul RahumanEmail author
  • Geetha Gopalakrishnan
  • P. Venkatesan
  • Kannappan Geetha
Original Paper


Larvicidal activity of ethyl acetate, butanol, and petroleum ether extracts of five species of Euphorbiaceae plants, Jatropha curcas, Pedilanthus tithymaloides, Phyllanthus amarus, Euphorbia hirta, and Euphorbia tirucalli, were tested against the early fourth instar larvae of Aedes aegypti L. and Culex quinquefasciatus (Say). The larval mortality was observed after 24 h of exposure. All extracts showed low larvicidal effects; however, the highest larval mortality was found in petroleum ether extract. The LC50 value of petroleum ether extracts of J. curcas, P. tithymaloides, P. amarus, E. hirta, and E. tirucalli were 8.79, 55.26, 90.92, 272.36, and 4.25 ppm, respectively, against A. aegypti and 11.34, 76.61, 113.40, 424.94, and 5.52 ppm, respectively, against C quinquefasciatus. Of the various ratios tested, the petroleum ether extracts of J. curcas and E. tirucalli were observed to be more efficient than the other plant extracts. It is, therefore, suggested that E. tirucalli can be applied as an ideal potential larvicide against A. aegypti and C. quinquefasciatus. This is an ideal ecofriendly approach for the control of the dengue vector, A. aegypti, and the lymphatic filariasis vector, C. quinquefasciatus.


Lymphatic Filariasis Croton Stem Bark Larvicidal Activity Petroleum Ether Extract 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors are grateful to the C. Abdul Hakeem College Management, Prof. U. Peer, Principal and Dr. Ahmed Najib, HOD of the Zoology Department for their help and suggestions. We wish to thank the Principal and the HOD of the Zoology Department, Loyola College, Chennai for providing the necessary facilities for our experimental work. We are thankful to Dr. S. Narasimhan, Associate Director, SPIC Science Foundation, Chennai for his help and encouragement. AR is indebted to the University Grants Commission, New Delhi for the award of fellowship.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Abdul Rahuman
    • 1
    Email author
  • Geetha Gopalakrishnan
    • 2
  • P. Venkatesan
    • 3
  • Kannappan Geetha
    • 4
  1. 1.Unit of Bioactive Natural Products, Department of ZoologyC. Abdul Hakeem CollegeMelvisharamIndia
  2. 2.Center for Natural ProductsSPIC Science FoundationChennaiIndia
  3. 3.Department of ZoologyLoyola CollegeChennaiIndia
  4. 4.Department of ChemistryMuthurangam Government Arts CollegeVelloreIndia

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