Parasitology Research

, Volume 102, Issue 3, pp 551–553 | Cite as

Ticks biting humans in the urban area of Istanbul

  • Z. Vatansever
  • A. Gargili
  • N. S. Aysul
  • G. Sengoz
  • A. Estrada-PeñaEmail author
Short Communication


A passive surveillance for tick bites in humans was undertaken in the city of Istanbul (Turkey) in the summer and autumn of 2006. From 1,054 reported tick bites, most were females of Ixodes ricinus (27%) and nymphs of Hyalomma aegyptium (50%). A few adults of Hyalomma m. marginatum, Rhipicephalus sanguineus and Dermacentor marginatus were also recorded. We investigated potential risk factors for I. ricinus and H. aegyptium with spatial statistics. Climate features at 1-km resolution (monthly minimum temperatures in late summer and autumn and rainfall) and vegetation features at high resolution (density and heterogeneity of forest-type vegetation as well as distance of reporting site to these vegetation features) are useful variables explaining high reporting clusters for both Ixodes and Hyalomma. While Ixodes is highly reported in dense highly heterogeneous vegetation patches, Hyalomma is commonly found in areas far from forest-type features and in the small, relatively dry vegetation patches within the urban fabric.


Passerine Bird Vegetation Patch Passive Surveillance Urban Fabric Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors want to thank Dr. Mehmet Bakar and the Ministry of Health (Istanbul branch, Turkey) for the cooperation in the surveillance of ticks for this study. We also want to acknowledge the cooperation of the Emergency, Infectious Diseases and Dermatology units of Haseki Education and Research Hospital and Okmeydani Education and Research Hospital. The writing of this article has been facilitated through The Integrated Consortium on Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases financed by the International Cooperation Programme of the European Union through Coordination Action Project no. 510561.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Z. Vatansever
    • 1
  • A. Gargili
    • 2
  • N. S. Aysul
    • 3
  • G. Sengoz
    • 4
  • A. Estrada-Peña
    • 5
    • 6
    Email author
  1. 1.Faculty of Veterinary MedicineKafkas UniversityKarsTurkey
  2. 2.Cerrrahpasa Medical FacultyIstanbul UniversityIstanbulTurkey
  3. 3.Faculty of Veterinary MedicineIstanbul UniversityIstanbulTurkey
  4. 4.Ministry of HealthIstanbul BranchIstanbulTurkey
  5. 5.Faculty of Veterinary MedicineZaragoza UniversitySaragossaSpain
  6. 6.Department of ParasitologyVeterinary FacultySaragossaSpain

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