Dendritic cells have a crucial role in the production of cytokines in mesenteric lymph nodes of B10.BR mice infected with Trichuris muris
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Dendritic cells bridge innate and adaptive immunity and establish protective immunity to pathogens. Protection against the murine nematode parasite Trichuris muris depends on the T helper 2 (Th2) response and requires the Th2 cytokines interleukin 4 (IL-4), IL-10, or IL-13. To examine if the Th2 response to T. muris infection is regulated by CD11c+B220− dendritic cells in mesenteric lymph nodes, dendritic cell-enriched and dendritic cell-depleted fractions were obtained from mesenteric lymph node cells of T. muris-infected mice, and production of cytokines in cultures of these fractions was measured. At day 14 postinfection, no worm expulsion was observed, and high levels of interferon γ production occurred in dendritic cell-enriched fractions. Expulsion of worms occurred on days 20 and 25 postinfection, and IL-10 production was induced in dendritic cell-enriched fractions on these 2 days. No cytokine production was observed in mesenteric lymph node cells and dendritic cell-depleted fractions during T. muris infection. The occurrence of worm expulsion was consistent with IL-10 production in dendritic cell-enriched fractions. IL-10 inhibits Th1 cells and promotes the Th2 response, and results from this study suggest that CD11c+B220− dendritic cells in the mesenteric lymph nodes are required for IL-10 production and the IL-10-dependent protective Th2 response.
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