Parasitology Research

, Volume 101, Issue 5, pp 1431–1434 | Cite as

Leishmania major infection in a patient with visceral leishmaniasis: treatment with Amphotericin B

  • Mehdi Karamian
  • Mohammad Hossein Motazedian
  • Davood Mehrabani
  • Khodakaram Gholami
Short Communication


We have reported an acute form of visceral leishmaniasis, which was caused by Leishmania major, in Southern Iran. The parasite was isolated from a 30-year-old man living in Bushehr Province, Southern Iran, and an endemic region of kala-azar in south of Iran. The patient had typical clinical signs of Mediterranean kala-azar, and besides parasitological, biochemical, and immunological findings confirming diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis, the agent was identified as L. major using Nested polymerase chain reaction. The patient was treated successfully with Amphotericin B during a 1-month period.


Visceral Leishmaniasis Leishmaniasis Inguinal Lymph Node Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Leishmania Species 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors would like to thank the Office of Vice Chancellor for Research of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences for financial support and the Center for Development of Clinical Studies of Nemazee Hospital for typing assistance.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mehdi Karamian
    • 1
  • Mohammad Hossein Motazedian
    • 1
  • Davood Mehrabani
    • 1
    • 2
  • Khodakaram Gholami
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Parasitology and Mycology, School of MedicineShiraz University of Medical SciencesShirazIran
  2. 2.Gastroenterohepatology Research Center, School of MedicineShiraz University of Medical SciencesShirazIran
  3. 3.Department of Internal Medicine, School of MedicineShiraz University of Medical SciencesShirazIran

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