The use of an excreted superoxide dismutase in an ELISA and Western blotting for the diagnosis of Leishmania (Leishmania) infantum naturally infected dogs
- First Online:
An excreted iron superoxide dismutase of pI 3.75 and a molecular mass of approximately 25 kDa was partially purified by QAE Sephadex ion-exchange chromatography from the in vitro culture of Leishmania (Leishmania) infantum. This enzyme was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and Western blot of anti-L. infantum antibodies in dog serum. For the determination of the sensitivity and specificity of this protein, the results using the complete-parasite antigen fraction were taken as references. For this, 39 sera were assayed in dogs from different Spanish provinces. By Western blot, at a dilution of 1:250, 82% of the sera were positive when superoxide dismutase excreted was used as the antigen, against 56.4% positivity when the complete parasite was used as the antigen. These findings support the results of a previous study, indicating that the superoxide dismutase excreted can be useful in diagnosing L. (L.) infantum.