Morphology of the puparia of the housefly, Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae) and blowfly, Chrysomya megacephala (Diptera: Calliphoridae)
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Examination of the puparia of the housefly, Musca domestica L. and blowfly Chrysomya megacephala (F.), through scanning electron microscopy (SEM), revealed many differences in the profile of their morphology. Special attention was focused on puparial characteristics used to differentiate between the two fly species studied, and between other forensically important flies. Results of this study indicate that the housefly puparia are almost evenly rounded at both ends and the anterior spiracle bears six papillae. A pair of pupal respiratory horns is found laterally before the posterior boundary of the first abdominal segment, bearing numerous papillae that have a longitudinal opening along the oval convex base. The peritreme of each posterior spiracle forms a crude forward or reverse D-shape, encircling three sinuous slits. The blowfly pupariums anterior spiracle contains 8–12 papillae. The pupal respiratory horns protrude slightly and in some specimens a group of ~38 globules on the bubble-like membrane may be observed. Each of the posterior spiracles is more or less an oval- shaped peritreme, encircling three straight spiracular slits. The anatomical features presented herein allow for the differentiation of puparia of the two fly species studied and could prove useful in future forensic entomological assessments.