Comparative analysis of Trichinella spiralis and Trichinella nativa proteins by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis
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Trichinella spiralis and Trichinella nativa are both common wildlife parasites in Finland. However, they differ substantially in their resistance to below 0°C temperatures in their natural hosts. T. nativa can live in frozen fox meat for years, whereas T. spiralis dies when frozen. In mouse muscle, the difference is not as evident; even T. nativa cannot maintain infectivity when kept at −20°C for 1 week. Crude larval protein extracts of these two parasite species were analyzed by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2DE). The protein patterns showed clear differences, but matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF) peptide mass fingerprint followed by database searches failed to identify these proteins, suggesting that they may still be uncharacterized. The patterns compared after freezing treatment at −20°C revealed changes in the intensity of some protein spots. The antigenic differences of the species were analyzed with two-dimensional Western blots, which showed T. spiralis-specific proteins.
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