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Parasitology Research

, Volume 94, Issue 1, pp 61–69 | Cite as

Human and animal fascioliasis in Mazandaran province, northern Iran

  • A. S. Moghaddam
  • J. Massoud
  • M. Mahmoodi
  • A. H. Mahvi
  • M. V. Periago
  • P. Artigas
  • M. V. Fuentes
  • M. D. Bargues
  • S. Mas-ComaEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

The fascioliasis situation in humans and livestock of Iranian Mazandaran is analysed for the first time. Coprological studies showed 7.3% and 25.4% global prevalences in sheep and cattle, respectively. Studies in slaughterhouses indicate that sheep and cattle may be the main reservoir species, buffaloes may play local roles in the transmission, and goats and horses probably only participate sporadically. Morphometric studies by computer image analysis showed that forms intermediate between Fasciola hepatica and F. gigantica appear in addition to both species. A total of 107 infected humans were diagnosed during the 1999–2002 period, which suggests that fascioliasis may be widespread. The absence of differences in human fascioliasis among gender and age groups differs from other human endemic areas. Both human and animal infections show marked differences between western and eastern Mazandaran. Traditions in herbal condiments for human consumption, methods of animal husbandry and annual rainfall may explain the higher prevalences in western Mazandaran.

Keywords

Liver Fluke Valero Fascioliasis Alborz Mountain Mazandaran Province 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

Funds for this study were furnished by the Institute of Public Health Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Spanish collaboration was funded by Project no. BOS2002-01978 of the DGICYT, Spanish Ministry of Science and Technology, Madrid, and by the Red de Investigación de Centros de Enfermedades Tropicales—RICET (Project no. C03/04 of the Programme of Redes Temáticas de Investigación Cooperativa) of the Fondo de Investigación Sanitaria (FIS), Spanish Ministry of Health, Madrid. This work was carried out while the fifth autor (P.A.) was the recipient of a predoctoral MAE fellowship from the Agencia Española de Cooperación Internacional (A.E.C.I.) of the Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Madrid, Spain). The personnel of the central Mazandaran Health Centre in Sari are greatly acknowledged for their contributions. The results of this paper could not have been obtained without the collaboration of the Iranian Veterinary Organization (IVO) both in Tehran (Dr. K. Safari) and Mazandaran province (Dr. Z. Nategh). Special thanks are given to Dr. A. Mahvi (School of Public Health, Tums) for his help in ecological aspects, Dr. G. Zamani (Tehran University of Medical Sciences) for the use of his facilities, Dr. M. Naghavi (Ministry of Health, Medicine and Medical Education) for official support, Dr. H. Rostamkolahi (Mazandaran Province Health Centre) for medical data, and the Babol Research Centre for providing laboratory facilities. S. Mas-Coma, M.D. Bargues and M.V. Fuentes visited Iran thanks to an Agreement between the School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, and the Department of Parasitology of the University of Valencia, Spain, and the support of WHO Geneva Headquarters. Dr. Ali-Reza Mesdaghinia (Dean) and Dr. K. Holakouie (Vice-Dean and Head of the Epidemiology Unit) of the School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, and Dr. L. Savioli and Dr. A. Montresor (PVC/CPE, WHO, Geneva) are greatly acknowledged for their help in facilitating the international collaboration necessary for the research activities developed.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. S. Moghaddam
    • 1
  • J. Massoud
    • 1
  • M. Mahmoodi
    • 2
  • A. H. Mahvi
    • 3
  • M. V. Periago
    • 4
  • P. Artigas
    • 4
  • M. V. Fuentes
    • 4
  • M. D. Bargues
    • 4
  • S. Mas-Coma
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Medical Parasitology and Medical Mycology, School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health ResearchTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health ResearchTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  3. 3.Department of Environmental Health, School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health ResearchTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  4. 4.Departamento de Parasitología, Facultad de FarmaciaUniversidad de ValenciaBurjassotSpain

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