Echinococcus granulosus strain typing in Bulgaria: the G1 genotype is predominant in intermediate and definitive wild hosts
Addressing the genetic variability in Echinococcus granulosus is epidemiologically important, as strain characteristics may influence the local transmission patterns of zoonotic cystic echinococcosis. To classify the genotype(s) present in intermediate (pig, cattle and sheep) and definitive (jackal and wolf) hosts in Bulgaria, a DNA-based approach was used to assess parasite protoscoleces or strobiles. Genes corresponding to coding and non-coding regions of the nuclear and mitochondrial genome (ND-1, HBX, Act II, AgB-1) were amplified by PCR and subsequently sequenced. The sequences resolved were all found to be identical to those published for the common sheep strain of E. granulosus, indicating that the G1 genotype is predominant in Bulgaria. One microvariant for ND-1 was found in the pig isolates; however no epidemiological significance was attributed to this finding.
KeywordsHydatid Cyst Definitive Host Cystic Echinococcosis Echinococcus Granulosus Cystic Echinococcosis
This work was supported by the Swiss National Science Foundation (SCOPES No. 7IP062584 and research grant no. 31-63615.00) and the EU EchinoRisk-project QLK2-CT-2001-01995 (BBW no. 00.0586-1).
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