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Parasitology Research

, Volume 91, Issue 3, pp 209–214 | Cite as

Experimental transmission of Cryptosporidium molnari (Apicomplexa: Coccidia) to gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata L.) and European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.)

  • A. Sitjà-BobadillaEmail author
  • P. Alvarez-Pellitero
Original Paper

Abstract

Cryptosporidium molnari was experimentally transmitted to gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) and European sea bass (Dicentrachus labrax) by oral infection with infected stomach scrapings. The infection was also cross-transmitted from infected gilthead sea bream to sea bass by cohabitation. The course of the infection was assessed after necropsy by three microscopic diagnostic methods and their sensitivity was compared. At the end of all the experiments the prevalence of infection reached 100%. In the oral experiments, both fish hosts appeared infected as early as 7 days post exposure (p.e.), but gilthead sea bream exhibited a higher intensity of infection and infection proceeded at a faster rate than in sea bass. The cellular host reaction was stronger in sea bass than in sea bream, whereas the histopathological effect was lower in the former. Transmission could be favoured by cannibalism among cohabiting fish. This is the first report on piscine Cryptosporidium transmission. The implications for the aquaculture industry are discussed.

Keywords

Cryptosporidiosis Dicentrarchus Labrax Prepatent Period Cryptosporidium Species Mucosal Scraping 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by research grants from the Spanish Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte MAR-98/1000, and FEDER Program 1FD97–0979-C02. We are thankful to Dr. J. C. Navarro for kindly supplying naïve sea bass, to J. Monfort for histological processing and to M. L. Alonso and G. Sanza for their assistance in sampling. The authors declare that all the experiments comply with the current laws of Spain, where the experimental infections were performed.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Instituto de Acuicultura Torre de la SalConsejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas Ribera de CabanesSpain

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