TEM studies on the lattice organs of cirripede cypris larvae (Crustacea, Thecostraca, Cirripedia)
Lattice organs consist of five pairs of sensory organs situated on the dorsal carapace in cypris larvae of the Crustacea Cirripedia. The lattice organs in cypris larvae of Trypetesa lampas (Acrothoracica) and Peltogaster paguri (Rhizocephala) represent the two main types found in cirripedes, but only minor differences exist at the TEM level. Each lattice organ is innervated by two bipolar, primary receptor cells. The inner dendritic segment of each receptor cell carries two outer dendritic segments. The outer dendritic segments contain modified cilia with a short ciliary segment (9×2+0 structure). Two sheath cells envelop the dendrite except for the distal ends of the outer dendritic segments. This distal end enters a cavity in the carapace cuticle and reaches a terminal pore situated at the far end of the cavity. The cuticle above the cavity is modified. In both species the epicuticle is partly perforated by numerous small pores and the underlying exocuticle is much thinner and less electron dense than the regular exocuticle. Lattice organs very probably have a chemosensory function and are homologous with the sensory dorsal organ of other crustacean taxa.
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