, Volume 124, Issue 1, pp 1–8 | Cite as

Reconstruction of the musculature of Magelona cf. mirabilis (Magelonidae) and Prionospio cirrifera (Spionidae) (Polychaeta, Annelida) by phalloidin labeling and cLSM

  • Anna FilippovaEmail author
  • Günter Purschke
  • Alexander B. Tzetlin
  • Monika C. M. Müller
Original Article


Recent investigations have suggested that a lack of circular muscle fibers may be a common situation rather than a rare exception in polychaetes. As part of a comparative survey of polychaete muscle systems, the F-actin musculature subset of Magelona cf. mirabilis and Prionospio cirrifera were labeled with phalloidin and three-dimensionally analyzed and reconstructed by means of cLSM. Obvious similarities are sublongitudinal lateral, circumbuccal, palp retractor, dominating dorsal longitudinal, perpendicular lateral and ventral transverse muscles. Differences between M. cf. mirabilis and P. cirrifera are: (1) two types of prostomial muscles (transversal and longitudinal) in M. cf. mirabilis versus one type (diagonal) in P. cirrifera; (2) one type of palp muscles (longitudinal) in M. cf. mirabilis versus three types (longitudinal, diagonal, circular) in P. cirrifera; (3) five ventral longitudinal muscles (ventromedian, paramedian, ventral) in M. cf. mirabilis versus four (two paramedian, two ventral) in P. cirrifera. Ventral and lateral transverse fibers are present in the thorax, but absent in the abdomen of M. cf. mirabilis. The triangular lumen of the pharynx in M. cf. mirabilis is surrounded by radial muscle fibers; three sets of pharynx diductors attach to its dorsal side. The unique features of P. cirrifera are one pair of brain muscles and segmentally arranged dorsal transverse muscles, the latter located outside the longitudinal muscles. The transverse lateral muscles are restricted to the sides and lie beneath the longitudinal muscles, a pattern described here for the first time. A true, outer layer of circular fibers is absent in both species of Spionida that were investigated.


Annelida Polychaeta Body wall Muscle system Ground pattern Evolution 



We are grateful to Prof. Dr. Wilfried Westheide for support and hospitality towards the Russian colleagues during their investigations at the University of Osnabrück. The study of A. Filippova was supported by the Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anna Filippova
    • 1
    Email author
  • Günter Purschke
    • 2
  • Alexander B. Tzetlin
    • 1
  • Monika C. M. Müller
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Invertebrate ZoologyMoscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Spezielle Zoologie, Fachbereich Biologie/ChemieUniversität OsnabrückOsnabrückGermany

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