Bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2) induces sequential changes of Id gene expression in the breast cancer cell line MCF-7
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Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are involved in the development of various organs including the mammary gland. They are well-regulated and act in a time-, concentration- and cell-type-specific manner. We found that BMP-2 is expressed in primary breast tumor tissue samples and in breast cancer cell lines. Hybridization of labeled cDNA, obtained from the breast cancer cell line MCF-7, against the Atlas human cDNA expression array revealed differential gene expression depending on BMP-2 treatment. The most prominent changes were observed for the helix-loop-helix proteins Id-1, Id-2 and Id-3. Id-1 expression had increased severalfold after 4 h and was even higher after 24 h. Id-2 and Id-3 were more strongly induced after 4 h and showed no further significant change after 24 h. Analysis of cell-cycle distribution revealed a marked increase of the sub-G1 phase after 48 h in serum-deprived cells. In the presence of BMP-2 no change was observed over 48 h indicating that BMP-2 does not induce apoptosis. In addition, expression of caspase-3 was reduced in BMP-2-treated cells after 24 h. In summary, our results clearly indicate that BMP-2 is a susceptibility factor keeping the cells ready for the integration of various other signals for cell progression.
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