p53-autoantibody may be more sensitive than CA-125 in monitoring microscopic and macroscopic residual disease after primary therapy for epithelial ovarian cancer
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- Häfner, N., Nicolaus, K., Weiss, S. et al. J Cancer Res Clin Oncol (2013) 139: 1207. doi:10.1007/s00432-013-1432-2
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To evaluate the use of p53-autoantibodies (p53-aab) for monitoring minimal disease after standard therapy of advanced epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC).
Retrospective analysis of p53-aab in preoperative and long-term follow-up serum samples from 10 patients selected for representing three relevant EOC subgroups: platinum-sensitive disease after macroscopic complete debulking (n = 4) and platinum-sensitive (n = 3) or platinum-resistant disease (n = 3), both after suboptimal debulking with residual tumor of <1 cm diameter. p53-aab levels were quantified by a sandwich ELISA in two independent experiments. CA-125 values of all samples and clinical information were retrieved from medical records.
Patients with early relapse (median PFS 7 months, n = 8) had high p53-aab levels throughout follow-up while CA-125 values had dropped below the cut-off after primary surgery during or after chemotherapy in these cases. Patients with seroconversion to p53-aab negativity experienced prolonged PFS (n = 2; #1: 50 months, #2: no evidence of disease for 36 months until last follow-up). Continued p53-aab positivity was not related to the resection status or platinum sensitivity.
p53-autoantibodies may be a highly sensitive marker for minimal residual tumor mass after surgery and/or chemotherapy rather than standard CA-125, possibly due to the different nature of these markers. CA-125 released by cancer cells is related to tumor mass, whereas p53-aab levels can indicate the presence of few tumor cells due to amplification by the immune system. Seroconversion of p53-aab could be associated with long-term survival.