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European Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 177, Issue 5, pp 641–648 | Cite as

Sleep disorders during childhood: a practical review

  • D. Ophoff
  • M. A. Slaats
  • A. Boudewyns
  • I. Glazemakers
  • K. Van Hoorenbeeck
  • S. L. Verhulst
Review

Abstract

Sleep disorders are a common problem during childhood. The consequences are variable, and sleep disorders can influence medical, psychological and developmental aspects of the growing child. It is important to recognize sleep disorders and to treat them correctly. We discuss common sleep disorders during childhood using the 3rd edition of the International Classification of Sleep Disorders. We analyze the different sleep disorders from a clinical approach and provide an overview of adequate treatment options.

Conlusion: This review discusses common sleep disorders during childhood using the 3rd edition of the International Classification of Sleep Disorders. We analyze the different sleep disorders from a clinical approach and provide an overview of adequate treatment options.

What is known:

Sleep disorders are a common problem during childhood.

The consequences are variable, and sleep disorders can influence medical, psychological, and developmental aspects of the growing child.

What is new:

Pediatricians should routinely screen for sleep and sleep disorders.

It is important to recognize sleep disorders and to treat them correctly.

Keywords

Sleep disorders Childhood Insomnia Clinical characteristics Treatment 

Abbreviations

DSWPD

delayed sleep wake phase disorder

EEG

electroencephalographic

ICSD

international classification of sleep disorders

MSLT

multiple sleep latency test

NREM

non-rapid-eye movements

OSA

obstructive sleep apnea

PLMD

periodic limb movement disorder

REM

rapid-eye movements

RLS

restless leg syndrome

SOREMP

sleep-onset rapid eye movement period

Notes

Authors’ contributions

Concept of the manuscript: D.O., M.S. and S.V.; Acquisition of data: D.O., M.S. and S.V.; Drafting of the manuscript: D.O., M.S. and S.V.; Critical revision of the manuscript: A.B., I.G. and K.V.H.; Final manuscript: all authors.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Ophoff
    • 1
  • M. A. Slaats
    • 1
    • 2
  • A. Boudewyns
    • 3
  • I. Glazemakers
    • 4
  • K. Van Hoorenbeeck
    • 1
    • 2
  • S. L. Verhulst
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PediatricsAntwerp University HospitalEdegemBelgium
  2. 2.Lab of Experimental Medicine and PediatricsUniversity of AntwerpEdegemBelgium
  3. 3.Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck SurgeryAntwerp University HospitalEdegemBelgium
  4. 4.Department of Youth Mental Health, Collaborative Antwerp Psychiatric Research InstituteUniversity of AntwerpAntwerpBelgium

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