Sleep disorders during childhood: a practical review
Sleep disorders are a common problem during childhood. The consequences are variable, and sleep disorders can influence medical, psychological and developmental aspects of the growing child. It is important to recognize sleep disorders and to treat them correctly. We discuss common sleep disorders during childhood using the 3rd edition of the International Classification of Sleep Disorders. We analyze the different sleep disorders from a clinical approach and provide an overview of adequate treatment options.
What is known:
• Sleep disorders are a common problem during childhood.
• The consequences are variable, and sleep disorders can influence medical, psychological, and developmental aspects of the growing child.
What is new:
• Pediatricians should routinely screen for sleep and sleep disorders.
• It is important to recognize sleep disorders and to treat them correctly.
KeywordsSleep disorders Childhood Insomnia Clinical characteristics Treatment
delayed sleep wake phase disorder
international classification of sleep disorders
multiple sleep latency test
obstructive sleep apnea
periodic limb movement disorder
restless leg syndrome
sleep-onset rapid eye movement period
Concept of the manuscript: D.O., M.S. and S.V.; Acquisition of data: D.O., M.S. and S.V.; Drafting of the manuscript: D.O., M.S. and S.V.; Critical revision of the manuscript: A.B., I.G. and K.V.H.; Final manuscript: all authors.
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