European Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 177, Issue 4, pp 479–487 | Cite as

Paediatric departments need to improve residents’ training in adolescent medicine and health: a position paper of the European Academy of Paediatrics

  • Pierre-André Michaud
  • Lenneke Schrier
  • Robert Ross-Russel
  • Laila van der Heijden
  • Lien Dossche
  • Sian Copley
  • Tommaso Alterio
  • Artur Mazur
  • Lukasz Dembinski
  • Adamos Hadjipanayis
  • Stefano del Torso
  • Helena Fonseca
  • Anne-Emmanuelle Ambresin
EAP Statement


In many European countries, paediatric junior staff has no formal training in adolescent medicine and is ill-equipped to deal with issues and health problems such as substance use, unprotected sex, eating disorders and transition to adult care. This position paper of the European Academy of Paediatrics proposes a set of competency-based training goals and objectives as well as pedagogic approaches that are expected to improve the capacity of paediatricians to meet the needs of this important segment of the paediatric population. The content has been developed from available publications and training programmes and mostly covers the generic aspects of adolescent healthcare, such as how to communicate effectively, how to review and address lifestyles, how to perform a respectful and relevant physical examination, how to address common problems of adolescents and how to support adolescents in coping with a chronic condition.

Conclusion: The European Academy of Paediatrics urges national bodies, paediatric associations and paediatric teaching departments to adopt these training objectives and put them into practice, so that paediatricians will be better prepared in the future to meet the challenge of delivering appropriate and effective healthcare to adolescents.


Adolescent health Adolescent medicine Training objectives Teaching Residents Medical education Curriculum 



The authors wish to acknowledge the generous contribution made by Prof. Susan Sawyer to this work.

Authors’ contributions

PAM HF and AEA provided the initial training objectives. LS and RRS have reviewed preliminary proofs of the paper; they have given their feedbacks on all vesions of the paper. LvH, LD, SC, TA, AM. LD, AH, SdT, have all reviewed the different versions of the paper and provided comments. PAM has worked as the main coordinator and writing of the paper.

Compliance with ethical standards

Most of the authors of this article (PAM, LS, RRR, LH, LvD, SC, TA, AM, LD, AH, SdT) belong to the European Academy of Paediatrics. PAM, HF and AEA belong to the Euteach programme, which has partly inspired the content of the table. As this paper does not involve any human subjects, its content has not been submitted to an IRB. Informed consent is therefore not required. The preparation of this paper did not benefit from any external funding.

Conflict of interest

Authors have no financial relationship with the organisation that supported the paper.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pierre-André Michaud
    • 1
  • Lenneke Schrier
    • 2
  • Robert Ross-Russel
    • 3
  • Laila van der Heijden
    • 4
  • Lien Dossche
    • 5
  • Sian Copley
    • 6
  • Tommaso Alterio
    • 7
    • 8
  • Artur Mazur
    • 9
  • Lukasz Dembinski
    • 10
  • Adamos Hadjipanayis
    • 11
  • Stefano del Torso
    • 12
  • Helena Fonseca
    • 13
  • Anne-Emmanuelle Ambresin
    • 14
  1. 1.Faculty of MedicineUniversity of LausanneLausanneSwitzerland
  2. 2.Department of PediatricsLeiden University Medical CentreLeidenNetherlands
  3. 3.PeterhouseCambridgeUK
  4. 4.Department of PediatricsUniversity Medical Center UtrechtUtrechtThe Netherlands
  5. 5.Department of Pediatrics and Medical GeneticsGhent UniversityGhentBelgium
  6. 6.Neonatal Unit, Royal Victoria InfirmaryNewcastleUK
  7. 7.Hepatology, Gastroenterology and Nutrition Unit, Bambino Gesù Children’s HospitalRomeItaly
  8. 8.National Observatory for Trainees and Young Paediatricians, ONSPPaduaItaly
  9. 9.Medical FacultyUniversity of RzeszowRzeszówPoland
  10. 10.Department of Paediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition Medical University of WarsawWarsawPoland
  11. 11.Faculty of Medicine, Cyprus & Paediatric Department, Larnaca General HospitalEuropean University of CyprusEngomiCyprus
  12. 12.Primary Care Paediatrician, ULSS6 EuganeaPadovaItaly
  13. 13.Adolescent Medicine Division, Department of PaediatricsUniversity Hospital Santa MariaLisbonPortugal
  14. 14.Interdisciplinary Division for Adolescent Health (DISA)University Hospital of LausanneLausanneSwitzerland

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