European Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 176, Issue 4, pp 557–557

Prediction of childhood obesity with or without vitamin D deficiency

Correspondence

With interest, I have read the article by Manios et al. about CORE-index as a screening tool for the early identification of infants that are potentially at higher risk for becoming obese at their childhood and adolescence [3]. I have the following comments.

Childhood obesity is an international public health problem leading to an increased risk of adult obesity and associated with mortality and morbidity [5]. Vitamin D may regulate adipose tissue mass, differentiation, and metabolism in ways that might contribute to overweight and/or obesity possibly by effects on lipogenesis and/or adipogenesis [1]. Vitamin D has been found to be a predictor significantly associated with overweight and/or obesity and other components of metabolic syndrome including raised plasma glucose concentration and insulin resistance [4]. Ekbom et al. [2] reported that higher vitamin D levels were related to a decreased lipid profile in obese children and adolescents.

In this context, considering close association of vitamin D with both childhood obesity and metabolic syndrome parameters, in order to predict childhood obesity, new scoring system including CORE-index and serum vitamin D level might be beneficial.

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The author declares that he has no conflict of interest.

Funding statement

None.

References

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    Earthman C, Beckman L, Masodkar K, Sibley S (2012) The link between obesity and low circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations: considerations and implications. Int J Obes 36:387–396CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Ekbom K, Marcus C (2016) Vitamin D deficiency is associated with prediabetes in obese Swedish children. Acta Paediatr 105:1192–1197. doi:10.1111/apa.13363 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
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    Manios Y, Vlachopapadopoulou E, Moschonis G, Karachaliou F, Psaltopoulou T, Koutsouki D, Bogdanis G, Carayanni V, Hatzakis A, Michalacos S (2016) Utility and applicability of the “Childhood Obesity Risk Evaluation” (CORE)-index in predicting obesity in childhood and adolescence in Greece from early life: the “National Action Plan for Public Health”. Eur J Pediatr 175:1989–1996CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Saggese G, Vierucci F, Boot AM, Czech-Kowalska J, Weber G, Camargo CA Jr, Mallet E, Fanos M, Shaw NJ, Holick MF (2015) Vitamin D in childhood and adolescence: an expert position statement. Eur J Pediatr 174:565–576. doi:10.1007/s00431-015-2524-6 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PediatricsNear East University HospitalNicosiaCyprus

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