Reversible pulmonary arterial hypertension in cobalamin-dependent cobalamin C disease due to a novel mutation in the MMACHC gene
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Methylmalonic aciduria and homocystinuria, cobalamin C (CblC) disease (OMIM 277400), is the most frequent inborn error of vitamin B12 (cobalamin, Cbl) metabolism and is caused by an inability of the cell to convert Cbl to its active forms (MeCbl and AdoCbl). More than 75 mutations have been identified in the MMACHC gene which is responsible for CblC disease. We present a case with CblC disease and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) as the main symptom. The patient improved dramatically with parenteral hydroxocobalamin treatment. Most cases of CblC disease have a multisystemic disease with failure to thrive, developmental delay, hypotonia, visual impairment, and hematologic manifestations. This patient had isolated pulmonary hypertension and hyperhomocysteinemia which is thought to be an important factor in the pathogenesis of PAH. Genetic analysis identified a novel homozygous mutation (c.484G > T; p.Gly162Trp) in the MMACHC gene. Conclusion: CblC disease should be considered in the differential diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension.
KeywordsCobalamin C disease Pulmonary hypertension
Hemolytic uremic syndrome
Pulmonary arterial hypertension
Conflict of interest
Dr. Gündüz, Dr. Ekici, Dr. Özaydın, Dr. Ceylaner, and Dr. Perez declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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