European Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 169, Issue 11, pp 1329–1335 | Cite as

Body fat reference curves for healthy Turkish children and adolescents

  • Selim Kurtoglu
  • Mumtaz Mustafa Mazicioglu
  • Ahmet Ozturk
  • Nihal Hatipoglu
  • Betul Cicek
  • Hasan Basri Ustunbas
Original Paper


Childhood obesity is a major worldwide health problem. In addition to body mass index (BMI), body fat percentiles may be used to predict future cardiovascular and metabolic health risks. The aim of this study is to define new age- and gender-specific body fat centiles for Turkish children and adolescents. A total of 4,076 (2,276 girls, 1,800 boys) children and adolescents aged 6–18 years were recruited for this study. Total body fat was measured by a bioelectrical impedance noninvasive method. Body fat percentiles were produced by the LMS method. The body fat percentile curves of boys appear to rise from age 6 to 12 years and then slope downwards to age 15 years and then flatten off. The body fat % percentiles of girls increased until 14 years of age through 75th to 97th percentiles and then slope downwards, but through the third to 50th percentiles, they showed a downward slope after 14 years old. Conclusions: Since BMI may not always reflect body fat content, direct assessment of adiposity by a practical method would be significantly useful for clinical decisions. Therefore, this study provides normative data for body fat percentage in healthy Turkish children and adolescents. To this goal we used a practical and clinically applicable method. These references can be useful for evaluation of overweight and obesity.


Body fat Children Adolescents Obesity 



Special thanks to senior students of the Erciyes University Halil Bayraktar Health Services Vocational College and Ataturk Health College for making it possible to collect data.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Selim Kurtoglu
    • 1
  • Mumtaz Mustafa Mazicioglu
    • 2
    • 6
  • Ahmet Ozturk
    • 3
  • Nihal Hatipoglu
    • 4
  • Betul Cicek
    • 5
  • Hasan Basri Ustunbas
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Pediatric EndocrinologyErciyes University Faculty of MedicineKayseriTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Family MedicineErciyes University Faculty of MedicineKayseriTurkey
  3. 3.Department of BiostatisticsErciyes University Faculty of MedicineKayseriTurkey
  4. 4.Department of Pediatric EndocrinologyWomen’s HospitalKayseriTurkey
  5. 5.Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Ataturk Health SchoolErciyes UniversityKayseriTurkey
  6. 6.Erciyes Universitesi Tıp FakültesiAile Hekimliği Anabilim DalıKayseriTurkey

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