Elevated TSH levels in a mentally retarded boy
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The Allan–Herndon–Dudley syndrome (AHDS; MIM 300523) of X-linked mental retardation and hypotonia is caused by mutations in a thyroid hormone transporter gene—the monocarboxylate transporter 8 (MCT8 also known as SLC16A2) gene. A 23-month-old boy with severe developmental delay, hypotonia, recurrent emesis, and irritability is described. He was diagnosed with hypothyroidism at the age of 4 months. However, T3 level was elevated. Molecular analysis of the MCT8 gene detected a single base duplication in exon 5 c.1614dupC (p.Ile539fs), consistent with a diagnosis of AHDS. While T3 is the best marker for this disorder, elevations in TSH should alert to the diagnosis.
KeywordsTriiodothyronine Hypothyroidism Allan–Herndon–Dudley syndrome X-linked mental retardation MCT 8
Thyroid stimulating hormone
- MCT 8
Monocarboxylate transporter 8
- 1.Allan W, Herndon CN, Dudley FC (1944) Some examples of the inheritance of mental deficiency: apparently sex-linked idiocy and microcephaly. Am J Ment Defic 48:325–334Google Scholar