European Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 166, Issue 8, pp 797–801 | Cite as

Characteristics of tinnitus in childhood

  • M. Savastano
Original Paper


Despite its incidence, there are still few reports in literature relating to tinnitus in children. Almost all data were collected by means of questionnaires or in a limited population of children. In order to collect data in a homogeneous way and directly from the patients, the protocol of study proposed by Savastano has been applied to 1,100 children. The results showed tinnitus as present in 374 children but only 6.5% of the cases complained spontaneously about it. In all, 76.4% of the children demonstrated normal hearing, whereas 64.5% reported being bothered by their tinnitus. Tinnitus measurements were obtained and are reproducible in all patients older than 8 years of age. The loudness level was <10 dB in 48.6% of cases, which was higher than 10 dB in 51.4%. As for the frequency distribution, in most cases it appears to be between 0 and 1,000 Hz. There is a correspondence between the loudness level and masking level. A total inhibition of <60 s for most children with lower loudness was obtained. The present study demonstrates that the application in the infancy of a specific protocol of study allows the presence of tinnitus to be discovered, giving specific and detailed information about it so as to minimize its damage to be obtained. Moreover, for the first time, data regarding the measurement of tinnitus in childhood has been gathered.


Tinnitus characteristics Childhood 



I would like to thank the consultants of ENT and pediatric medical offices of Cesena for allowing us to include their patients in this study. Dr. Carla Mucignat and Dr.Aram Megighian are thanked for the statistical analysis.


  1. 1.
    Aust G (2002) Tinnitus in childhood. Int Tinnitus J 8:20–26PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Baguley DM, Mc Ferran DJ (1999) Tinnitus in childhood. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 49:99–105PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Graham JM (1981) Paediatric tinnitus. J Laryngol Otol 95 Suppl 4:117–120Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Holgers KM (2003) Tinnitus in 7-year-old children. Eur J Pediatr 162:276–278PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Martin K, Snashall S (1994) Children presenting with tinnitus: a retrospective study. Br J Audiol 28:111–115PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Meikle M, Walsh T (1984) Characteristics of tinnitus and related observations in over 1800 tinnitus patients. J laryngol Otol Suppl 9:17–21PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Mills RP, Cherry JR (1984) Subjective tinnitus in children with otological disorders. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 7:21–27PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Mills RP, Albert DM, Brain CE (1986) Tinnitus in childhood. Clin Otolaryngol Allied Sci 11:431–434PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Nodar RH (1984) Pediatric tinnitus. J Laryngol Otol 98 Suppl 9:234–235Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Rosanowski F, Hoppe U, Proschel U, Eysholdt U (1997) Chronic tinnitus in children and adolescents. HNO 45:927–932PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Savastano M (2002) A protocol of study for tinnitus in childhood. Int Pediatr Otorhinolaryngology 64:23–27CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Viani LG (1989) Tinnitus in children with hearing loss. J Laryngol Otol 103:1142–1145PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck SurgeryUniversity of PaduaPadovaItaly

Personalised recommendations