Advertisement

Correlates of extracurricular sport participation among Swiss adolescents

  • P.-A. Michaud
  • A. Jeannin
  • J.-C. Suris
Original Paper

Abstract

Background

Based on a large national survey on the health of adolescents, this paper focuses on the socio-demographic and lifestyle correlates of sport practice among Swiss adolescents. The SMASH2002 database includes 7428 vocational apprentices and high school students between the ages of 16 and 20 who answered a self-administered anonymous questionnaire containing 565 items targeting perceived health, health attitudes and behaviour. Weekly episodes of extracurricular sport activity were measured by a four-category scale, and the sample was dichotomised between active (≥two episodes of sport/week) and inactive (<two episodes of sport/week) respondents. Thirty percent of female respondents and 40.2% of male respondents reported engaging in sport activity at least two to three times a week; another 9.7% of the female and 19.4% of the male respondents reported participating in least one sport activity each day (p<0.01). The percentage of active respondents was higher among students than among vocational apprentices (p<.01), and the rates of sport activity decreased more sharply over time among the apprentices than among the students (p<0.01). Most active adolescents reported having a better feeling of well-being than their inactive peers [among male students: odds ratio (OR): 3.13; 95% confidence interval (95%CI): 1.28–7.70]. The percentage of active females who reported being on a diet was high, and female apprentices exhibited higher involvement in dieting than their inactive peers (OR: 1.68; 95%CI: 1.32–2.14). Relative to the inactive male respondents, the proportion of active male respondents smoking was lower; however, a lower proportion of the latter group did not report drunkenness, and the percentage of those who reported lifetime cannabis consumption was higher among active than inactive students (females, OR:1.57; 95%CI:1.09–2.25; males, OR:1.80; 95%CI: 20–2.69).

Conclusion

Organised sport activities should be better tailored to the work schedules of apprentices. Practitioners should be aware of the potential for problematic behaviour in the area of dieting and substance use among a subset of sport-oriented adolescents.

Keywords

Adolescent behaviour Correlates Health behaviour Inactivity Lifestyles Sports Survey 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The survey was run within a multicenter multidisciplinary group from the Institute for Social & Preventive Medicine in Lausanne (Véronique Addor, Chantal Diserens, André Jeannin, Guy van Melle, Pierre-André Michaud, Joan-Carles Suris), Institute for Psychology, Psychology of Development and Developemental Disorders, University of Berne, Switzerland (Françoise Alsaker, Andrea Bütikofer, Françoise Narring, Annemarie Tschumper) and the Sezione Sanitaria, Dipartimento della sanità e della socialità, Canton Ticino (Laura Inderwildi Bonivento).

References

  1. 1.
    Aarnio M, Winter T, Kujala U, Kaprio J (2002) Associations of health related behaviour, social relationships, and health status with persistent physical activity and inactivity: a study of Finnish adolescent twins. Br J Sports Med 36:360–364CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Aarnio M, Winter T, Peltonen J, Kujala UM, Kaprio J (2002) Stability of leisure-time physical activity during adolescence-a longitudinal study among 16-, 17- and 18-year-old Finnish youth. Scand J Med Sci Sports 12:179–185CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Abel T, Broer M, Siegrist J (1992) Health behavior of young adults: empirical analysis of complex behavior patterns and their determinants. Soz Praventivmed 37:293–300CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Allison K, Adlaf E (1997) Age and sex differences in physical inactivity among Ontario teenagers. Can J Publ Health 88:177–180Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Anderssen N, Wold B, Torsheim T (2005) Tracking of physical activity in adolescence. Res Q Exerc Sport 76:119–129PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Baranovski T, Bouchard C, Bar-Or O (1992) Assessment, prevalence and cardiovascular benefits of physical activity and fitness in youth. Med Sci Sport Exerc 24:S237–S247Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Beunen GP, Lefevre J, Philippaerts RM, Delvaux K, Thomis M, Claessens AL, Vanreusel B, Lysens R, Vanden Eynde B, Renson R (2004) Adolescent correlates of adult physical activity: a 26-year follow-up. Med Sci Sports Exerc 36:1930–1936CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Caprio S, Genel M (2005) Confronting the epidemic of childhood obesity. Pediatrics 115:494–495CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Chamay-Weber C, Narring F, Michaud P (2005) Partial eating disorders among adolescents: a review. J Adolesc Health 37:416–426CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Cheng KY, Cheng PG, Mak KT, Wong SH, Wong YK, Yeung EW (2003) Relationships of perceived benefits and barriers to physical activity, physical activity participation and physical fitness in Hong Kong female adolescents. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 43:523–529PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Corbin CB, Pangrazi RP (1992) Are American children and youth fit? Res Q Exerc Sport 63:96–106PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Craig S, Goldberg J, Dietz WH (1996) Psychosocial correlates of physical activity among fifth and eighth graders. Prev Med 25:506–513CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Dovey SM, Reeder AI, Chalmers DJ (1998) Continuity and change in sporting and leisure time physical activities during adolescence. Br J Sports Med 32:53–57PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Ferron C, Narring F, Cauderay M, Michaud PA (1999) Sport activity in adolescence: associations with health perceptions and experimental behaviours. Health Educ Res 14:225–233CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Field T, Diego M, Sanders CE (2001) Exercise is positively related to adolescents’ relationships and academics. Adolescence 36:105–110PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Fisher M, Juszczak L, Friedman SB (1996) Sports participation in an urban high school: academic and psychologic correlates. J Adolesc Health 18:329–334CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Gesundheitswesen Bf (1996) Ohne drogen - mit sport! Prevention of substance abuse through sport activities. Bundesamtes für Gesundheitswesen, Eidg. Sportschule Magglingen, BernGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Gordon-Larsen P, McMurray RG, Popkin BM (2000) Determinants of adolescent physical activity and inactivity patterns. Pediatrics 105:E83CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Gordon-Larsen P, Nelson MC, Popkin BM (2004) Longitudinal physical activity and sedentary behavior trends: adolescence to adulthood. Am J Prev Med 27:277–283PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Gottlieb NH, Chen MS (1985) Sociocultural correlates of childhood sporting activities: their implications for heart health. Soc Sci Med 21:533–539CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Hagarty MA, Schmidt C, Bernaix L, Clement JM (2004) Adolescent obesity: current trends in identification and management. J Am Acad Nurse Pract 16:481–489CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Harrison PA, Narayan G (2003) Differences in behavior, psychological factors, and environmental factors associated with participation in school sports and other activities in adolescence. J Sch Health 73:113–120PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Irving HM, Adlaf EM, Allison KR, Paglia A, Dwyer JJ, Goodman J (2003) Trends in vigorous physical activity participation among Ontario adolescents, 1997–2001. Can J Public Health 94:272–274PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Jeannin A, Narring F, Tschumper A, Bonivento LI, Addor V, Butikofer A, Suris JC, Diserens C, Alsaker F, van Melle G, Michaud PA (2005) Self-reported health needs and use of primary health care services by adolescents enrolled in post-mandatory schools or vocational training programmes in Switzerland. Swiss Med Wkly 135:11–18PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Kimm S, Glynn N, Kriska A (2000) Longitudinal changes in physical activity in a biracial cohort during adolescence. Med Sci Sprots Exerc 32:1445–1454CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Kirkcaldy BD, Shephard RJ, Siefen RG (2002) The relationship between physical activity and self-image and problem behaviour among adolescents. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 37:544–550CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Koivusilta L, Rimpela A, Rimpela M (1998) Health related lifestyle in adolescence predicts adult educational level: a longitudinal study from Finland. J Epidemiol Community Health 52:794–801PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Kraut A, Melamed S, Gofer D, Froom P (2003) Effect of school age sports on leisure time physical activity in adults: the CORDIS Study. Med Sci Sports Exerc 35:2038–2042CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Lindquist CH, Reynolds KD, Goran MI (1999) Sociocultural determinants of physical activity among children. Prev Med 29:305–312CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Lorente FO, Peretti-Watel P, Grelot L (2005) Cannabis use to enhance sportive and non-sportive performances among French sport students. Addict Behav 30:1382–1391CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Lowry R, Galuska DA, Fulton JE, Burgeson CR, Kann L (2005) Weight management goals and use of exercise for weight control among U.S. high school students, 1991–2001. J Adolesc Health 36:320–326CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Michaud P, Narring F, Cauderay M, Cavadini C (1999) Sports activity, physical activity and fitness of 9-to-19 year-old teenagers in the canton of Vaud (Switzerland). Schweiz Med Wochenschr 129:691–699PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Narring F, Berthoud A, Cauderay M, Favre M, Michaud P (1998) Condition physique et pratiques sportives des jeunes dans le canton de Vaud Raison de santé. Institut universitaire de médecine sociale et préventive, LausanneGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Narring F, Tschumper A, Inderwildi Bonivento L, Jeannin A, Addor V, Bütikofer A, Suris J, Diserens C, Alsaker F, Michaud P (2003) Santé et styles de vie des adolescents âgés de 16 à 20 ans en Suisse - SMASH 2002. Institut universitaire de médecine sociale et préventive, LausanneGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Neumark-Sztainer D, Story M, Hannan PJ, Tharp T, Rex J (2003) Factors associated with changes in physical activity: a cohort study of inactive adolescent girls. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 157:803–810CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    O’Dea JA, Caputi P (2001) Association between socioeconomic status, weight, age and gender, and the body image and weight control practices of 6- to 19-year-old children and adolescents. Health Educ Res 16:521–532CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Pate RR, Pratt M, Blair SN, Haskell WL, Macera CA, Bouchard C, Buchner D, Ettinger W, Heath GW, King AC et al (1995) Physical activity and public health. A recommendation from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American College of Sports Medicine. JAMA 273:402–407CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Pate RR, Heath GW, Dowda M, Trost SG (1996) Associations between physical activity and other health behaviors in a representative sample of US adolescents. Am J Public Health 86:1577–1581PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Pate RR, Trost SG, Levin S, Dowda M (2000) Sports participation and health-related behaviors among US youth. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 154:904–911PubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Patel DR, Luckstead EF (2000) Sport participation, risk taking, and health risk behaviors. Adolesc Med 11:141–155PubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Peretti-Watel P, Beck F, Legleye S (2002) Beyond the U-curve: the relationship between sport and alcohol, cigarette and cannabis use in adolescents. Addiction 97:707–716CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Peretti-Watel P, Guagliardo V, Verger P, Pruvost J, Mignon P, Obadia Y (2003) Sporting activity and drug use: alcohol, cigarette and cannabis use among elite student athletes. Addiction 98:1249–1256CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Raitakari OT, Porkka KV, Taimela S, Telama R, Rasanen L, Viikari JS (1994) Effects of persistent physical activity and inactivity on coronary risk factors in children and young adults. The cardiovascular risk in young finns study. Am J Epidemiol 140:195–205PubMedGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Röthlisberger C (1994) Sport, Alltagsbewältigung und Seelische Gesundheit von Adoleszenten. Sportwissenschaftliches Institut, MagglingenGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Rowland T (2001) The role of physical activity and fitness in children in the prevention of adult cardiovascular disease. Progr Pediatr Cardiol 12:199–203CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Sallis J, Patrick K (1994) Overview of the international consensus conference on physical activityguidelines for adolescents. Pediatr Exerc Sci 6:299–301Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Sallis JF, Prochaska JJ, Taylor WC (2000) A review of correlates of physical activity of children and adolescents. Med Sci Sports Exerc 32:963–975CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Schmitz KH, Lytle LA, Phillips GA, Murray DM, Birnbaum AS, Kubik MY (2002) Psychosocial correlates of physical activity and sedentary leisure habits in young adolescents: the teens eating for energy and nutrition at school study. Prev Med 34:266–278CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Steptoe A, Butler N (1996) Sports participation and emotional wellbeing in adolescents. Lancet 347:1789–1792CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Sundgot-Borgen J (1994) Eating disorders in female athletes. Sports Med 17:176–188PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Suris J, Michaud P, Chossis I, Jeannin A (2006) Towards a sedentary society: trends in adolescent sport practice in Switzerland (1993–2002). J Adolesc Health (in press)Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    Telama R, Yang X, Viikari J, Valimaki I, Wanne O, Raitakari O (2005) Physical activity from childhood to adulthood: a 21-year tracking study. Am J Prev Med 28:267–273CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Thorlindsson T, Vilhjalmsson R, Valgeirsson G (1990) Sport participation and perceived health status: a study of adolescents. Soc Sci Med 31:551–556CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    van Mechelen W, Twisk JW, Post GB, Snel J, Kemper HC (2000) Physical activity of young people: the Amsterdam Longitudinal Growth and Health Study. Med Sci Sports Exerc 32:1610–1616CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Vilhjalmsson R, Thorlindsson T (1998) Factors related to physical activity: a study of adolescents. Soc Sci Med 47:665–675CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Westerstahl M, Barnekow-Bergkvist M, Hedberg G, Jansson E (2003) Secular trends in sports: participation and attitudes among adolescents in Sweden from 1974 to 1995. Acta Paediatr 92:602–609CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Multidisciplinary Unit for Adolescent Health and Research group on Adolescent HealthUniversity HospitalLausanneSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations