A 7-year-old boy with mycoplasmal infection requiring extracorporeal membrane oxygenation
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A 7-year-old boy with Down syndrome developed severe acute respiratory distress syndrome after a respiratory infection with Mycoplasma pneumoniae with an unusually high agglutination titre (1:10240). Initially, mechanical ventilation and nitric oxide inhalation were used, but these did not improve the alveolar-arterial oxygen gradient. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for 152 h improved the lung condition. Conclusion: our case suggests that Mycoplasma pneumoniae should be considered as an aetiological agent in acute respiratory distress syndrome. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation might have a valuable role in the management.
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