Influence of the genetic background on the pattern of lesions developed by resistant and susceptible mice infected with Paracoccidioides brasiliensis
To compare the sequential evolution of lesions developed by resistant (A/Sn) and susceptible (B10.A) mice to Paracoccidioides brasiliensis infection we inoculated a virulent isolate of the fungus and collected the pancreas/peripancreatic omentum monthly (from 1 to 6 months) post infection. After fixation, tissue sections were stained by conventional methods for light microscopy to investigate the cellular composition, the extracellular matrix (ECM) patterns and the morphology of the yeasts in the lesions. In both strains, the fungal lesions were localized mostly in the omentum; a few lesions in the pancreatic parenchyma were observed, mostly in B10.A mice. In both strains, macrophages and plasmocytes were the predominant cells in all lesions, followed by neutrophils (PMN) and macrophages transformed into giant and epithelioid cells. Remarkable differences were observed between resistant and susceptible mice, specially related to the ECM structure of the granulomatous lesions. In A/Sn mice, from the 1st month on, the coexistence of two types of lesions was observed: one type showed a well-defined encapsulated nodule, constituted mainly of type I collagen. Neutrophils were abundant in areas of massive fungal destruction and few viable yeasts were observed. The other type showed residual characteristics, with sparse collagen deposits and presence of xantomatous-like macrophages, containing degenerated fungi. Such residual lesions predominated after the 2nd month and were the only type observed from the 4th month on, indicating the control of the infection. In B10.A mice, on the contrary, only one type of lesion was observed, showing less tendency to encapsulation and the formation of multiple small granulomatous foci, individualized by reticular type III collagen fibers. There were many plasmocytes in the periphery and large numbers of budding yeasts, with no evidence of fungal destruction. In the course of the infection the lesions progressively increased in number and size. Altogether, the comparative histopathological analysis demonstrates the influence of the genetic pattern of the host on the lesions developed by resistant and susceptible mice to P. brasiliensis infection.
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