Cartography of hevin-expressing cells in the adult brain reveals prominent expression in astrocytes and parvalbumin neurons

  • Raphaële Mongrédien
  • Amaia M. Erdozain
  • Sylvie Dumas
  • Laura Cutando
  • Amaia Nuñez del Moral
  • Emma Puighermanal
  • Sara Rezai Amin
  • Bruno Giros
  • Emmanuel Valjent
  • J. Javier Meana
  • Sophie Gautron
  • Luis F. Callado
  • Véronique Fabre
  • Vincent VialouEmail author
Original Article


Hevin, also known as SPARC-like 1, is a member of the secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine family of matricellular proteins, which has been implicated in neuronal migration and synaptogenesis during development. Unlike previously characterized matricellular proteins, hevin remains strongly expressed in the adult brain in both astrocytes and neurons, but its precise pattern of expression is unknown. The present study provides the first systematic description of hevin mRNA distribution in the adult mouse brain. Using isotopic in situ hybridization, we showed that hevin is strongly expressed in the cortex, hippocampus, basal ganglia complex, diverse thalamic nuclei and brainstem motor nuclei. To identify the cellular phenotype of hevin-expressing cells, we used double fluorescent in situ hybridization in mouse and human adult brains. In the mouse, hevin mRNA was found in the majority of astrocytes but also in specific neuronal populations. Hevin was expressed in almost all parvalbumin-positive projection neurons and local interneurons. In addition, hevin mRNA was found in: (1) subsets of other inhibitory GABAergic neuronal subtypes, including calbindin, cholecystokinin, neuropeptide Y, and somatostatin-positive neurons; (2) subsets of glutamatergic neurons, identified by the expression of the vesicular glutamate transporters VGLUT1 and VGLUT2; and (3) the majority of cholinergic neurons from motor nuclei. Hevin mRNA was absent from all monoaminergic neurons and cholinergic neurons of the ascending pathway. A similar cellular profile of expression was observed in human, with expression of hevin in parvalbumin interneurons and astrocytes in the cortex and caudate nucleus as well as in cortical glutamatergic neurons. Furthermore, hevin transcript was enriched in ribosomes of astrocytes and parvalbumin neurons providing a direct evidence of hevin mRNAs translation in these cell types. This study reveals the unique and complex expression profile of the matricellular protein hevin in the adult brain. This distribution is compatible with a role of hevin in astrocytic-mediated adult synaptic plasticity and in the regulation of network activity mediated by parvalbumin-expressing neurons.


Hevin Matricellular protein Parvalbumin neurons Astrocytes Glutamatergic neurons In situ hybridization 



3rd ventricle


4th ventricle


Anterodorsal thalamic nucleus


Anterior commissure


Anterodorsal thalamic nucleus


Anteromedial thalamic nucleus


Ambiguus nucleus


Anterior olfactory nucleus


Anterior pretectal nucleus


Anteroventral thalamic nucleus, lateral part


Anteroventral thalamic nucleus, medial part


Bergman glia


Basolateral amygdala


Cornu ammonis




Corpus callosum


Choroid plexus




Caudate putamen




Diagonal band of Broca


Dentate gyrus


Dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus


Dorsomedial hypothalamic nucleus


Dorsal raphe nucleus caudal part


Granule cell layer


Glomerular layer


Nucleus of the horizontal limb of the diagonal band




Inferior colliculus


Internal capsule


Interpeduncular nucleus


Laterodorsal thalamic nucleus, dorsomedial part


Laterodorsal tegmental nucleus


Lateral globus pallidus


Lateral hypothalamic area


Lateral habenula nucleus


Lateral posterior thalamic nucleus


Lateral septal nucleus


Lateral septal nucleus, dorsal part


Lateral ventricle


Magnocellular preoptic nucleus


Mediodorsal thalamic nucleus


Medial globus pallidus


Mitral cell layer of the olfactory bulb


Molecular layer


Molecular layer of the dentate gyrus


Medial preoptic nucleus


Median raphe nucleus caudal part


Medial septum


Medial vestibular nucleus


Oriens layer of the hippocampus


Periaqueductal gray


Purkinje cell layer


Pontine nucleus


Posterior thalamic nuclear group




Paraventricular thalamic nucleus, anterior part


Stratum radiatum of the hippocampus


Reuniens thalamic nucleus


Red nucleus, magnocellular part


Red nucleus


Reticular thalamic nucleus


Superior colliculus


Substantia nigra pars compacta


Substantia nigra pars reticulata


Spinal trigeminal nucleus


Tegmental nucleus


Ventral anterior thalamic nucleus


Vestibular nucleus


Ventral pallidum


Ventral posteromedial thalamic nucleus


Ventral tegmental area


Zona incerta


Oculomotor nucleus


Motor trigeminal nucleus


Abducens nucleus


Facial nucleus


Cochlear nucleus


Glossopharyngeal nucleus


Dorsal motor nucleus of vagus


Hypoglossal nucleus



This work was supported by funds from the Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM), Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), and Sorbonne Université, and by grants from the Brain & Behavior Research Foundation (NARSAD Young Investigator Award to VV, #17566), FP7 Marie Curie Actions Career Integration Grant (FP7-PEOPLE-2013-CIG #618807 to VV), Promouvoir l’Excellence de la Recherche à Sorbonne Université (PER-SU 2014 to VV), Agence Nationale de la Recherche (ANR JCJC 2015 Hevinsynapse to VV), the Basque Government (IT616/13 to JJM), Fondation pour la Recherche Médicale (DEQ20160334919 to EV), Fundación Vital (2018 to AME) and the European Foundation for Alcohol Research (EA 18 19 to LFC). The authors thank Etienne Audinat for the PV-Cre mice and Glenn Dallerac for the GFAP-CreERT2. EP was a recipient of Marie Curie Intra-European Fellowship (IEF327648). LC has benefited from support by the Labex EpiGenMed (Investissements d’avenir #ANR-10-LABX-12-01). We thank Catalina Betancur for helpful discussions and comments on the manuscript; the staff members of the Basque Institute of Legal Medicine for processing the postmortem human brain samples; Stéphane Fouquet, David Godefroy, and Marie-Laure Niepon of the Imaging Facility at Institut de la Vision; Annick Prigeant of the Histology Facility at Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle; and Chooyoung Baek and Audrey Pondaven for their help with the FISH experiments.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interests.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. In addition, all applicable international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed.

Informed consent

No consent is required for using leftover body material for scientific purposes from medico-legal autopsies.

Supplementary material

429_2019_1831_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1.9 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 1945 KB)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sorbonne Université, INSERM, CNRS, Neuroscience Paris Seine, Institut de Biologie Paris SeineParisFrance
  2. 2.Department of PharmacologyUniversity of the Basque Country, UPV/EHUBizkaiaSpain
  3. 3.Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Salud Mental (CIBERSAM)MadridSpain
  4. 4.OramacellParisFrance
  5. 5.IGF, CNRS, INSERM, University of MontpellierMontpellierFrance

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