Brain Structure and Function

, Volume 222, Issue 2, pp 749–764 | Cite as

Human navigation network: the intrinsic functional organization and behavioral relevance

  • Xiang-Zhen KongEmail author
  • Xu Wang
  • Yi Pu
  • Lijie Huang
  • Xin Hao
  • Zonglei Zhen
  • Jia LiuEmail author
Original Article


Spatial navigation is a crucial ability for living. Previous work has revealed multiple distributed brain regions associated with human navigation. However, little is known about how these regions work together as a network (referred to as navigation network) to support flexible navigation. In a novel protocol, we combined neuroimaging meta-analysis, and functional connectivity and behavioral data from the same subjects. Briefly, we first constructed the navigation network for each participant, by combining a large-scale neuroimaging meta-analysis (with the Neurosynth) and resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging. Then, we investigated multiple topological properties of the navigation networks, including small-worldness, modularity, and highly connected hubs. Finally, we explored the behavioral relevance of these intrinsic properties in a large sample of healthy young adults (N = 190). We found that navigation networks showed small-world and modular organization at global level. More importantly, we found that increased small-worldness and modularity of the navigation network were associated with better navigation ability. Finally, we found that the right retrosplenial complex (RSC) acted as one of the hubs in the navigation network, and that higher betweenness of this region correlated with better navigation ability, suggesting a critical role of the RSC in modulating the navigation network in human brain. Our study takes one of the first steps toward understanding the underlying organization of the navigation network. Moreover, these findings suggest the potential applications of the novel approach to investigating functionally meaningful networks in human brain and their relations to the behavioral impairments in the aging and psychiatric patients.


Spatial navigation Functional connectivity Individual differences Connectomics 



This study was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31230031, 31221003, and 31470055), the National Basic Research Program of China (2014CB846103), National Social Science Foundation of China (13&ZD073, 14ZDB160) and Changjiang Scholars Programme of China.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience and Learning & IDG/McGovern Institute for Brain Research, Beijing Normal UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.School of Psychology, Beijing Normal UniversityBeijingChina
  3. 3.ARC Centre of Excellence in Cognition and Its Disorders, Macquarie UniversitySydneyAustralia
  4. 4.Department of Cognitive ScienceMacquarie UniversitySydneyAustralia

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