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Brain Structure and Function

, Volume 220, Issue 2, pp 587–604 | Cite as

The role of the right temporoparietal junction in attention and social interaction as revealed by ALE meta-analysis

  • S. C. Krall
  • C. Rottschy
  • E. Oberwelland
  • D. Bzdok
  • P. T. Fox
  • S. B. Eickhoff
  • G. R. Fink
  • K. Konrad
Review

Abstract

The right temporoparietal junction (rTPJ) is frequently associated with different capacities that to shift attention to unexpected stimuli (reorienting of attention) and to understand others’ (false) mental state [theory of mind (ToM), typically represented by false belief tasks]. Competing hypotheses either suggest the rTPJ representing a unitary region involved in separate cognitive functions or consisting of subregions subserving distinct processes. We conducted activation likelihood estimation (ALE) meta-analyses to test these hypotheses. A conjunction analysis across ALE meta-analyses delineating regions consistently recruited by reorienting of attention and false belief studies revealed the anterior rTPJ, suggesting an overarching role of this specific region. Moreover, the anatomical difference analysis unravelled the posterior rTPJ as higher converging in false belief compared with reorienting of attention tasks. This supports the concept of an exclusive role of the posterior rTPJ in the social domain. These results were complemented by meta-analytic connectivity mapping (MACM) and resting-state functional connectivity (RSFC) analysis to investigate whole-brain connectivity patterns in task-constrained and task-free brain states. This allowed for detailing the functional separation of the anterior and posterior rTPJ. The combination of MACM and RSFC mapping showed that the posterior rTPJ has connectivity patterns with typical ToM regions, whereas the anterior part of rTPJ co-activates with the attentional network. Taken together, our data suggest that rTPJ contains two functionally fractionated subregions: while posterior rTPJ seems exclusively involved in the social domain, anterior rTPJ is involved in both, attention and ToM, conceivably indicating an attentional shifting role of this region.

Keywords

Attention Theory of mind ALE MACM RSFC 

Notes

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

429_2014_803_MOESM1_ESM.docx (950 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 949 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. C. Krall
    • 1
    • 2
  • C. Rottschy
    • 3
    • 4
  • E. Oberwelland
    • 1
    • 2
  • D. Bzdok
    • 3
    • 5
  • P. T. Fox
    • 6
    • 7
  • S. B. Eickhoff
    • 3
    • 5
  • G. R. Fink
    • 1
    • 8
  • K. Konrad
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Neuroscience and Medicine (INM-3)Jülich Research CenterJülichGermany
  2. 2.Department of Child and Adolescent PsychiatryUniversity Hospital AachenAachenGermany
  3. 3.Institute of Neuroscience and Medicine (INM-1)Jülich Research CenterJülichGermany
  4. 4.Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and PsychosomaticsRWTH Aachen UniversityAachenGermany
  5. 5.Institute of Clinical Neuroscience and Medical PsychologyHeinrich Heine UniversityDüsseldorfGermany
  6. 6.Research Imaging InstituteUniversity of Texas Health Science Center at San AntonioSan AntonioUSA
  7. 7.South Texas Veterans Administration Medical CenterSan AntonioUSA
  8. 8.Department of NeurologyUniversity Hospital CologneCologneGermany

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