Common and specific brain responses to scenic emotional stimuli
- 617 Downloads
Processing of emotions has been an enduring topic of interest in neuroimaging research, but studies have mostly used facial emotional stimuli. The aim of this study was to determine neural networks involved in emotion processing using scenic emotional visual stimuli. One hundred and twenty photographs from the International Affective Picture System (IAPS), including ecological scenes of disgust, fear, happiness, and sadness, were presented to 40 healthy participants while they underwent functional magnetic imaging resonance (fMRI). Afterwards they evaluated the emotional content of the pictures in an offline task. The occipito-temporal cortex and the amygdala–hippocampal complex showed a non-specific emotion-related activation, which was more marked in response to negative emotions than to happiness. The temporo-parietal cortex and the ventral anterior cingulate gyrus showed deactivation, with the former being marked for all emotions except fear and the latter being most marked for disgust. The fusiform gyrus showed activation in response to disgust and deactivation in response to happiness or sadness. Brain regions involved in processing of scenic emotion therefore resemble those reported for facial expressions of emotion in that they respond to a range of different emotions, although there appears to be specificity in the intensity and direction of the response.
KeywordsAmygdala Anterior cingulate gyrus Emotion Functional magnetic resonance imaging Fusiform gyrus
This work was supported by the Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Salud Mental (CIBERSAM), the Catalonian Government (2009SGR211 to the Research Unit of Benito Menni) and the Instituto de Salud Carlos III (Río Hortega research contract to Dr. Radua (CM11/00024); Miguel Servet research contracts to Drs. Salvador (CP07/00048) and Pomarol-Clotet (CP10/00596); Intensification grant to Dr. Sarró (10/231); and Research Projects to Drs. Pomarol-Clotet (PI10/01058) and Salvador (PI05/1874)).
Conflict of interest
The authors declare no conflict of interest in relation to the present manuscript.
- Bar M, Neta M (2007) Visual elements of subjective preference modulate amygdala activation. Neuropsychol 45:2191–2200Google Scholar
- Ellis AW, Young AW (1988) Human cognitive neuropsychology. Erlbaum, HoveGoogle Scholar
- Emery NJ, Amaral DG, Lane RD, Nadel L (2000) The role of the amygdala in primate social cognition. Cognitive neuroscience of emotion. Oxford University Press, New York, pp 156–191Google Scholar
- Fusar-Poli P, Placentino A, Carletti F, Landi P, Allen P, Surguladze S, Benedetti F, Abbamonte M, Gasparotti R, Barale F, Perez J, McGuire P, Politi P (2009) Functional atlas of emotional faces processing: a voxel-based meta-analysis of 105 functional magnetic resonance imaging studies. J Psychiatry Neurosci 34(6):418–432PubMedCentralPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Knapska E, Nikolaev E, Boguszewski P, Walasek G, Blaszczyk J, Kaczmarek L, Werka T (2006) Between-subject transfer of emotional information evokes specific pattern of amygdala activation. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 103(10):3858–3862. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0511302103 PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Lang PJ, Bradley MM, Cuthbert BN (eds) (1997) International Affective Picture System (IAPS): technical manual and affective ratings. NIMH Center for the Study of Emotion and Attention. University of Florida, GainesvilleGoogle Scholar
- Rahko J, Paakki JJ, Starck T, Nikkinen J, Remes J, Hurtig T, Kuusikko-Gauffin S, Mattila ML, Jussila K, Jansson-Verkasalo E, Katsyri J, Sams M, Pauls D, Ebeling H, Moilanen I, Tervonen O, Kiviniemi V (2010) Functional mapping of dynamic happy and fearful facial expression processing in adolescents. Brain Imaging Behav 4(2):164–176. doi: 10.1007/s11682-010-9096-x PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Smith SM, Jenkinson M, Woolrich MW, Beckmann CF, Behrens TE, Johansen-Berg H, Bannister PR, De Luca M, Drobnjak I, Flitney DE, Niazy RK, Saunders J, Vickers J, Zhang Y, De Stefano N, Brady JM, Matthews PM (2004) Advances in functional and structural MR image analysis and implementation as FSL. Neuroimage 23(Suppl 1):S208–S219. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2004.07.051 PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Surguladze SA, Radua J, El-Hage W, Gohier B, Sato J, Kronhaus D, Proitsi P, Powel J, Phillips ML (2012) Interaction of catechol O-methyltransferase and serotonin transporter genes modulates effective connectivity in a facial emotion processing circuitry. Transl Psychiatry 2:e70PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Whalen PJ (2007) The uncertainty of it all. Trends Cogn Sci 11:499–500Google Scholar