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With a new scientific focus, cover and title, a new epoch has begun in the long history of Anatomy and Embryology, founded originally in 1875 as Zeitschrift für Anatomie und Entwicklungsgeschichte.
In fact, the history of the predecessors of Brain Structure and Functionreflects the historical development of anatomy over the last hundred and 30+ years. In the mid-nineteenth century, Bernhard von Gudden (1824–1866) asserted, perhaps with some overstatement, that scientists “faced with an anatomical fact proven beyond doubt, any physiological results that stands in contradiction to it loses all its meaning…. So first anatomy and then physiology; but if first physiology, then not without anatomy”. Despite this, nowadays anatomy has almost disappeared as a homogenous scientific discipline, although it is still a very important step in the education of medical students. For example, neuroanatomy is necessary to interpret functional imaging data, yet the data itself often remains in the...