Mutation of p53 with loss of heterozygosity in the osteosarcomatous component of a dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma
We investigated a dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma of a 61-year-old woman with an osteosarcomatous high-grade component for p53 alteration. The low-grade cartilaginous and the high-grade osteosarcomatous components of the tumor were macrodissected and evaluated separately by immunohistochemistry and molecular biology. We used PCR-SSCP analysis and direct sequencing to screen exons 4–8 for p53 mutations. The p53 intron 1-polymorphism was investigated for loss of heterozygosity. A functionally relevant p53 missense mutation in codon 193 of exon 6 (A-to-T transversion) with loss of wild-type allele was detected only in the dedifferentiated component. Using the monoclonal antibody DO-1, immunohistochemistry failed to show p53 overexpression. This evidence of p53 mutation may be regarded as at least a co-factor that ”switched” the preexisting low-grade conventional chondrosarcoma to a highly malignant dedifferentiated tumor.
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