Virchows Archiv

, Volume 438, Issue 3, pp 254–258 | Cite as

Neuron count reevaluation in the myenteric plexus of chagasic megacolon after morphometric neuron analysis

  • Sheila J. Adad
  • Cristiane G. Cançado
  • Renata M. Etchebehere
  • Vicente P. A. Teixeira
  • Uilho A. Gomes
  • Edmundo Chapadeiro
  • Edison R. Lopes
Original Article

Abstract.

This study was made with the objective of reevaluating the colon denervation in chronic Chagas' disease. The diameters of neuron perikaryons of the myenteric plexus were measured on paraffin sections in a ring from the sigmoid in Chagas' disease patients, 17 with and 10 without megacolon and in 10 non-chagasic controls. All neurons were counted in ten en-echelon sections. Neuron hypertrophy only occurred in the group with megacolon, and the average increase in diameter was 69.3%. This could generate an error factor in the neuron count by increasing the probability of neurons being seen in a greater number of histological sections. The original result of the neuron count gave medians of 1264, 1961, and 2665 in the groups of chagasic patients with megacolon, without megacolon, and in the control, respectively. The denervation was greater than 55% in only seven megacolon cases (41.2%). After applying a correction factor, the median in the group with megacolon was 746, and the denervation was greater than 55% in 13 cases (76.5%). This occurrence demonstrates the need to apply a correction factor when the neuron count in chagasic megacolon is being evaluated and in the other pathologies where neuron hypertrophy may be found.

Trypanosoma cruzi American trypanosomiasis Megacolon Enteric nervous system Morphometric neuron analysis 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sheila J. Adad
    • 1
  • Cristiane G. Cançado
    • 1
  • Renata M. Etchebehere
    • 2
  • Vicente P. A. Teixeira
    • 3
  • Uilho A. Gomes
    • 4
  • Edmundo Chapadeiro
    • 4
  • Edison R. Lopes
    • 4
  1. 1.Discipline of Special Pathology, Patologia Especial – Hospital Escola – Faculdade de Medicina do Triângulo Mineiro; Rua Getúlio Guaritá 130, Uberaba – MG, 38025-440, Brazil
  2. 2.Discipline of Surgical Pathology, Faculdade de Medicina do Triângulo Mineiro, Uberaba – MG, Brazil
  3. 3.Discipline of General Pathology, Faculdade de Medicina do Triângulo Mineiro, Uberaba – MG, Brazil
  4. 4.Postgraduate course in pathology, Faculdade de Medicina do Triângulo Mineiro, Uberaba – MG, Brazil

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