NLRP7 is a maternal-effect gene that has a primary role in the oocyte. Its biallelic mutations are a major cause for recurrent diploid biparental hydatidiform moles (HMs). Here, we describe the full characterization of four HMs from a patient with a novel homozygous protein-truncating mutation in NLRP7. We found that some HMs have features of both complete and partial moles. Two HMs expressed p57 in the cytotrophoblast and stromal cells and exhibited divergent and discordant immunostaining. Microsatellite DNA-genotyping demonstrated that two HMs are diploid biparental and one is triploid digynic due to the failure of meiosis II. FISH analysis demonstrated triploidy in the cytotrophoblast and stromal cells in all villi. Our data highlight the atypical features of HM from patients with recessive NLRP7 mutations and the important relationship between NLRP7 defects in the oocyte and p57 expression that appear to be the main contributor to the molar phenotype regardless of the zygote genotype.
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We are grateful to Drs A. Buenerd, J.P. Machayekhi, and Y. Suignard for kindly providing the blocks from the four POCs for the study.
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Allias, F., Mechtouf, N., Gaillot-Durand, L. et al. A novel NLRP7 protein-truncating mutation associated with discordant and divergent p57 immunostaining in diploid biparental and triploid digynic moles. Virchows Arch (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00428-020-02769-w
- Recurrent hydatidiform mole
- Digynic triploidy