Letter to the Editor

  • Barbara ZaniniEmail author
  • Anna Bozzola
  • Vincenzo Villanacci
Letter to the Editor


Compliance with ethical standards

The authors declare that the study has been done according to ethical standards.

Ethical responsibilities of authors section

All the authors are qualified for the following criteria: (1) substantial contributions to the conception or design of the study; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the study. (2) Drafting the study or revising it critically for important intellectual content. (3) Final approval of the version to be published. (4) Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the study in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the study are appropriately investigated and resolved.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.


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    Zanini B, Villanacci V, Marullo M, Cadei M, Lanzarotto F, Bozzola A, Ricci C (2018) Duodenal histological features in suspected non-celiac gluten sensitivity: new insights into a still undefined condition. Virchows Arch 473(2):229–234CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Villanacci V, Lanzini A, Lanzarotto F, Ricci C (2013) Observations on the paper of Carroccio et al. “non-celiac wheat sensitivity diagnosed by double-blind placebo-controlled challenge: exploring a new clinical entity”. Am J Gastroenterol 108(4):619–620CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Pellegrino S, Villanacci V, Sansotta N, Scarfì R, Bassotti G, Vieni G, Princiotta A, Sferlazzas C, Magazzù G, Tuccari G (2011) Redefining the intraepithelial lymphocytes threshold to diagnose gluten sensitivity in patients with architecturally normal duodenal histology. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 33(6):697–706CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Gastroenterology Unit, Department of Clinical and Experimental ScienceUniversity of BresciaBresciaItaly
  2. 2.Institute of Pathology Spedali CiviliBresciaItaly

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