Virchows Archiv

, Volume 462, Issue 1, pp 127–127 | Cite as

The development of chagasic megacolon requires severe denervation and the reduction in interstitial cells of Cajal number might be a contributing factor

  • Sheila Jorge Adad
  • Gisele Barbosa e Silva
  • Alessandro Adad Jammal
Letter to the Editor

To the Editor:

In response to the considerations contained in the letter of Bassotti and Villanacci [1], we would like to emphasize that in our study [2] we identified a reduced number of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) in chagasic megacolon (CM), as had been previously reported in studies by Hagger et al. [3] and Geraldino et al. [4]. Hypotheses were raised trying to explain the discrepancy with the results published by Iantorno et al. [5]. Bassotti and Villanacci [1] claim that the hypotheses we proposed (inclusion of mast cells and heterogeneous distribution of ICC in different regions of the colon) are unfounded. We have no other explanations for the discrepancies between our study, which identified increasing numbers of intramuscular ICC only, and other studies [2, 3, 4], which found a reduction of ICC in all layers evaluated.

Bassotti and Villanacci [1] state that we did not distinguish between well-established colonic populations of ICC. However, we did describe in our paper [2] that we counted ICC at the level of the myenteric plexus (intermuscular space between circular and longitudinal muscle layers) and from ICC in circular muscle layer separately. We did not count ICC in the submucosa nor in longitudinal muscle layers.

However, we fully agree with Bassotti and Villanacci [1] that it is necessary to evaluate ICC and glial cells in conjunction with the study of enteric neurons, as our findings support the hypothesis that the development of CM requires severe denervation and the reduction in ICC number is, in part, a consequence of denervation and that this might contribute to the pathophysiology of CM.

References

  1. 1.
    Bassotti G, Villanacci V (2012) The pathophysiology of chagasic megacolon: beyond ICC. Virchows Arch. doi: 10.1007/s00428-012-1341-9
  2. 2.
    Adad SJ, e Silva GB, Jammal AA (2012) The significantly reduced number of interstitial cells of Cajal in chagasic megacolon (CM) patients might contribute to the pathophysiology of CM. Virchows Arch 461:385–392PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hagger R, Finlayson C, Kahu F, Oliveira R, Chimelli L, Kumar D (2000) A deficiency of interstitial cells of Cajal in Chagasic megacolon. J Auton Nerv Syst 80:108–111PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Geraldino RS, Ferreira AJ, Lima MA, Cabrine M, Ramirez LE (2006) Interstitial cells of Cajal in patients with chagasic megacolon originating from a region of old endemicity. Pathophysiology 13:71–74PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Iantorno G, Bassotti G, Kogan Z, Lumi CM, Cabanne AM, Fisogni S, Varrica LM, Bilder CR, Munoz JP, Liserre B, Morelli A, Villanacci V (2007) The enteric nervous system in chagasic and idiopathic megacolon. Am J Surg Pathol 31:460–468PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sheila Jorge Adad
    • 1
  • Gisele Barbosa e Silva
    • 1
  • Alessandro Adad Jammal
    • 2
  1. 1.Discipline of Special PathologyUniversidade Federal do Triângulo Mineiro (UFTM)UberabaBrazil
  2. 2.Universidade de Uberaba (UNIUBE)UberabaBrazil

Personalised recommendations