Peripheral T-cell lymphoma with involvement of the expanded mantle zone
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Peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) with a nodular architecture is rare. Recently, two variants have been described with infiltration of the B-cell follicle, one variant that localizes to the marginal zone with a so-called perifollicular growth pattern, and a variant that localizes to the germinal center. These lymphomas have a CD4+ phenotype and may express Bcl-6. We have studied five similar cases of PTCL with involvement of the B-cell follicle. However, our cases differ from the cases previously described by their predominant and frequently patchy involvement of the expanded mantle zone of the B-cell follicle at onset. Later biopsies in three of the cases show diffuse infiltration of the lymph node, without features of angioimmunoblastic TCL (AILT). All cases expressed Bcl-6 in addition to CD4. Cytogenetics was available in four of the cases but revealed no recurrent chromosomal aberrations or changes associated with other types of PTCL. No mutations of the BCL-6 gene were observed. Together, the cases seem to have an intermediately aggressive clinical behavior. Whether our cases are part of a spectrum of PTCLs that encompasses previously described variants with predominant marginal zone or germinal center infiltration or they represent a separate T-cell lymphoma type remains to be demonstrated by a study of more of such cases.
KeywordsLymphoma T-cell Peripheral Bcl-6
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