Development Genes and Evolution

, Volume 213, Issue 3, pp 149–154 | Cite as

Patterns of gene expression: homology or homocracy?

Hypothesis Paper

Abstract

Numerous papers over the years have stated that the original meaning of the term homology is historical and morphological and denotes organs/structures in two or more species derived from the same structure in their latest common ancestor. However, several more recent papers have extended the use of the term to cover organs/structures which are organised through the expression of homologous genes. This usage has created an ambiguity about the meaning of the term, and we propose to remove this by proposing a new term, homocracy, for organs/structures which are organised through the expression of identical patterning genes. We want to emphasise that the terms homologous and homocratic are not mutually exclusive. Many homologous structures are in all probability homocratic, whereas only a small number of homocratic structures are homologous.

Keywords

Homology Homocracy Evolution Patterning Gene 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Zoological MuseumUniversity of Copenhagen CopenhagenDenmark
  2. 2.Department of Anatomy and Cell BiologyUniversity of Bergen BergenNorway

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