Exploring the temporal boundary conditions of the articulatory in–out preference effect
- 37 Downloads
Earlier research has documented a preference for words with consonantal articulation patterns that move from the front to the back of the mouth (e.g., MENIKA) over words with reversely wandering consonantal articulation spots (e.g., KENIMA). The present experiments explored the temporal dynamics of the reading process in this in–out preference effect. In three experiments (total N = 344), we gradually reduced the presentation durations of inward and outward wandering words from 1000 ms down to 25 ms to approximate the minimum length of visual stimulus presentation required to trigger the effect. The in–out effect was reliably observed for exposure timings down to 50 ms, but vanished for 25 ms timings, which is line with previous evidence on phonological encoding. Thus, impressively, 50 ms of word presentation is sufficient to evoke the in–out effect. These findings suggest phonological activation to be a prerequisite and thus a driving mechanism of the in–out effect.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
Judith Gerten declares that she has no conflict of interest. Sascha Topolinski declares that he has no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
- Bremner, A. J., Caparos, S., Davidoff, J., de Fockert, J., Linnell, K. J., & Spence, C. (2013). “Bouba” and “Kiki” in Namibia? A remote culture make similar shape-sound matches, but different shape-taste matches to Westerners. Cognition, 126(2), 165–172. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2012.09.007.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Dreisbach, G., & Goschke, T. (2004). How positive affect modulates cognitive control: Reduced perseveration at the cost of increased distractibility. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 30(2), 343–353. https://doi.org/10.1037/0278-73220.127.116.113.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Grainger, J., Granier, J.-P., Farioli, F., Van Assche, E., & van Heuven, W. J. B. (2006). Letter position information and printed word perception: The relative-position priming constraint. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 32(4), 865–884. https://doi.org/10.1037/0096-1518.104.22.1685.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- JASP Team (2016). JASP (Version 0.7.5.5)[Computer software].Google Scholar
- Kazén, M., & Kuhl, J. (2005). Intention memory and achievement motivation: Volitional facilitation and inhibition as a function of affective contents of need-related stimuli. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 89(3), 426–448. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3522.214.171.1246.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Körner, A., Bakhtiari, G., & Topolinski, S. (in press). Training articulation sequences: A first systematic modulation of the articulatory in–out effect. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. Google Scholar
- Kronrod, A., Ackerman, J., & Lowrey, T. (2014). The effect of phonetic embodiment on attitudes towards brand names. In J. Cotte & S. Wood (Eds.), Advances in consumer research (pp. 136–140). Duluth: Association for Consumer Research.Google Scholar
- Topolinski, S., Boecker, L., Erle, T. M., Bakhtiari, G., & Pecher, D. (2017). Matching between oral inward–outward movements of object names and oral movements associated with denoted objects. Cognition and Emotion, 31(1), 3–18. https://doi.org/10.1080/02699931.2015.1073692.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar