Psychological Research

, Volume 80, Issue 5, pp 821–837 | Cite as

The differential effects of fluency due to repetition and fluency due to color contrast on judgments of truth

  • Rita R. Silva
  • Teresa Garcia-Marques
  • Joana Mello
Original Article


Two experiments contrast the effects of fluency due to repetition and fluency due to color contrast on judgments of truth, after participants learn to associate high levels of fluency with falseness (i.e., a reversal of the fluency–truth link). Experiment 1 shows that the interpretation of fluency as a sign of truth is harder to reverse when learning is promoted with repetition rather than with perceptual fluency. Experiment 2 shows that when color contrast and repetition are manipulated orthogonally, the reversal of the truth effect learned with color contrast does not generalize to repetition. These results suggest specificities in the processing experiences generated by different sources of fluency, and that their influences can be separated in contexts that allow the contrast of their distinctive features. We interpret and discuss these results in light of the research addressing the convergence vs. dissociation of the effects elicited by different fluency sources.


Test Phase False Alarm Rate Truth Effect Color Contrast Exposure Phase 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The writing of this article was supported by the Grant SFRH/BD/39153/2007 awarded to Rita R. Silva, and the grant PTDC/PSI-PCO/121916/2010 awarded to Teresa Garcia-Marques, by the Portuguese National Science Foundation (FCT). The authors would like to thank Pedro Figueira for his help in data collection.

Compliance with ethical standards

Ethical standards

The research was conducted in compliance with all APA Ethical Guidelines for the treatment of human participants, and we believe it presents new relevant data. Neither the manuscript nor the data have been published previously, nor are they under consideration for publication elsewhere, and its publication is approved by all authors.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rita R. Silva
    • 1
    • 2
  • Teresa Garcia-Marques
    • 1
  • Joana Mello
    • 1
  1. 1.William James Center for ResearchISPA-Instituto UniversitárioLisbonPortugal
  2. 2.Social Cognition Center CologneUniversity of CologneCologneGermany

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