Psychological Research

, Volume 71, Issue 1, pp 92–106 | Cite as

Instruction-induced feature binding

  • Dorit WenkeEmail author
  • Robert Gaschler
  • Dieter Nattkemper
Original Article


In order to test whether or not instructions specifying the stimulus–response (S–R) mappings for a new task suffice to create bindings between specified stimulus and response features, we developed a dual task paradigm of the ABBA type in which participants saw new S–R instructions for the A-task in the beginning of each trial. Immediately after the A-task instructions, participants had to perform a logically independent B-task. The imperative stimulus for the A-task was presented after the B-task had been executed. The present data show that the instructed S–R mappings influence performance on the embedded B-task, even when they (1) have never been practiced, and (2) are irrelevant with respect to the B-task. These results imply that instructions can induce bindings between S- and R-features without prior execution of the task at hand.


Target Letter Compatibility Effect Implementation Intention Event File Incompatible Trial 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We would like to thank two anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments on an earlier version of this paper, and Maria Eichhorn, Hendrik Lohse, and Jens Nachtwei for collecting the data. Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Dorit Wenke, Humboldt University at Berlin, Department of Psychology, Rudower Chaussee 18, 12489 Berlin, Germany. Email:


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dorit Wenke
    • 1
    Email author
  • Robert Gaschler
    • 1
  • Dieter Nattkemper
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyHumboldt University at BerlinBerlinGermany

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