Ultrastructure and chemistry of the cell wall of the moss Rhacocarpus purpurascens (Rhacocarpaceae): a puzzling architecture among plants
- 169 Downloads
The architectural, compositional and functional characteristics of the cell walls of the leaves of the moss Rhacocarpus purpurascens (Brid.) Par. have been analysed by scanning and transmission electron microscopy, wall-extraction methods, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, and water-retention experiments. Four-layered cell walls with a peculiar architecture which, so far, appears to be unique among plants were apparent. The architecture of the walls was not affected by sequential wall-extraction procedures. Subsequent analysis of the residual pre-extracted walls by classical spectro-photometrical methods revealed that the walls are composed of mainly lignin, hemicellulose and cellulose in a ratio of about 9:8:5, determining their integrity. This was supported by NMR spectroscopy. The resonance spectrum showed various characteristics typical of lignin; however, some specific peaks associated with lignin were missing. The walls exhibited no particular properties for external water conduction but seem to be adapted to rapid absorption of fog, dew, or rain.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.