Isolation of a set of ripening-related genes from strawberry: their identification and possible relationship to fruit quality traits
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The ripening of strawberry (Fragaria ananassa Duch.), a non-climacteric fruit, is a complex developmental process that involves many changes in gene expression. To understand how these changes relate to the biochemistry and composition of the fruit the specific genes involved have been examined. A high-quality cDNA library prepared from ripe strawberry fruit was differentially screened for ripening-related clones using cDNA from ripe and white fruits. From 112 up-regulated clones obtained in the primary screen, 66 differentially expressed clones were isolated from the secondary screen. The partial sequences of these cDNAs were compared with database sequences and 26 families of non-redundant clones were identified. Northern analysis confirmed that all of these cDNAs were ripening-enhanced. The expression of many of their corresponding genes was negatively regulated in auxin-treated fruit. These sequences, several of which are novel to fruits, encode proteins involved in key metabolic events including anthocyanin biosynthesis, cell wall degradation, sucrose and lipid metabolism, protein synthesis and degradation, and respiration. These findings are discussed in relation to the role of these genes in determining fruit quality characteristics.
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