Advertisement

Planta

, Volume 205, Issue 1, pp 1–11 | Cite as

Fagopyritol B1, O-α-D-galactopyranosyl-(1→2)-D-chiro-inositol, a galactosyl cyclitol in maturing buckwheat seeds associated with desiccation tolerance

  • Marcin Horbowicz
  • Patrick Brenac
  • Ralph L. Obendorf
Article

Abstract.

O-α-D-Galactopyranosyl-(1→2)-D-chiro-inositol, herein named fagopyritol B1, was identified as a major soluble carbohydrate (40% of total) in buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench, Polygonaceae) embryos. Analysis of hydrolysis products of purified compounds and of the crude extract led to the conclusion that buckwheat embryos have five α-galactosyl D-chiro-inositols: fagopyritol A1 and fagopyritol B1 (mono-galactosyl D-chiro-inositol isomers), fagopyritol A2 and fagopyritol B2 (di-galactosyl D-chiro-inositol isomers), and fagopyritol B3 (tri-galactosyl D-chiro-inositol). Other soluble carbohydrates analyzed by high-resolution gas chromatography included sucrose (42% of total), D-chiro-inositol, myo-inositol, galactinol, raffinose and stachyose (1% of total), but no reducing sugars. All fagopyritols were readily hydrolyzed by α-galactosidase (EC 3.2.1.22) from green coffee bean, demonstrating α-galactosyl linkage. Retention time of fagopyritol B1 was identical to the retention time of O-α-D-galactopyranosyl-(1→2)-D-chiro-inositol from soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merrill, Leguminosae), suggesting that the α-ga-lactosyl linkage is to the 2-position of D-chiro-inositol. Accumulation of fagopyritol B1 was associated with acquisition of desiccation tolerance during seed development and maturation in planta, and loss of fagopyritol B1 correlated with loss of desiccation tolerance during germination. Embryos of seeds grown at 18 °C, a condition that favors enhanced seed vigor and storability, had a sucrose-to-fagopyritol B1 ratio of 0.8 compared to a ratio of 2.46 for seeds grown at 25 °C. We propose that fagopyritol B1 facilitates desiccation tolerance and storability of buckwheat seeds.

Key words: Desiccation tolerance (seed) Fagopyritol Fagopyrum (embryo development) Galactosyl cyclitols (maturation sugars) D-chiro-inositol Raffinose series oligosaccharides 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marcin Horbowicz
    • 1
  • Patrick Brenac
    • 1
  • Ralph L. Obendorf
    • 1
  1. 1.Seed Biology, Department of Soil, Crop and Atmospheric Sciences, Cornell University Agricultural Experiment Station, 619 Bradfield Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y. 14853-1901, USAUS

Personalised recommendations