Differential expression of triplicate phosphoribosylanthranilate isomerase isogenes in the tryptophan biosynthetic pathway of Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh.
Phosphoribosylanthranilate isomerases (PAI) in the tryptophan biosynthetic pathway of Arabidopsis thaliana are encoded by a gene family. Expression patterns of each individual PAI isogene were investigated by analyzing expression of translation-fusions of promoter-β-glucuronidase (GUS) chimeras in transgenic plants. Quantification and histochemical staining of GUS activities expressed in PAI transgenic plants demonstrated that, first, expression of the three PAI isogenes was differentially regulated under normal growth conditions. Both PAI1 and PAI3 showed approximately 10-fold stronger expression than PAI2. Second, PAI isogenes differentially responded to environmental stresses such as ultraviolet irradiation and the abiotic elicitor silver nitrate. PAI2 displayed a stronger response to stresses than the other two PAI isogenes. Third, each individual PAI isogene was differentially expressed in a tissue- and cell-type-specific manner. Fourth, expression of PAI isogenes was coordinated to meet the requirement for normal growth and development of A. thaliana. Deletion of PAI1 is partially responsible for abnormal growth and development in the PAI deletion mutant trp6 as well as strong blue fluorescence in young leaves under ultraviolet irradiation.
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