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Planta

, Volume 211, Issue 4, pp 555–562 | Cite as

Effects of ultraviolet radiation on photosynthesis and related enzyme reactions of marine macroalgae

  • Kai Bischof
  • Dieter Hanelt
  • Christian Wiencke

Abstract.

 Changes in physiological parameters related to photosynthesis were studied in five macroalgal species from Spitsbergen (Monostroma arcticum, Laminaria solidungula, Alaria esculenta, Palmaria palmata, Phycodrys rubens) during a 72-h exposure to UV radiation. Maximal quantum yield of photochemistry (Fv/Fm) and maximal electron transport rate (ETRmax) were measured with a pulse-amplitude-modulated fluorometer; the activity of the Calvin cycle enzymes ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco) and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (G3PDH) were estimated using a photometric test. Proteins of crude extracts were separated by SDS gel electrophoresis and changes in cellular concentrations of Rubisco were determined. Moreover, the concentration of chlorophyll a (Chl a), and protein content, were measured photometrically. In all species, Chl a content, maximal quantum yield as well as ETRmax decreased during the UV treatment. Changes in ETRmax were related to the changes in the overall activity of Rubisco. Analysis of SDS gels showed that in P. rubens, L. solidungula, M. arcticum and A. esculenta decreasing Rubisco activity partly resulted from a degradation of the enzyme. However, in A. esculenta, the formation of a high-molecular-weight polypeptide was observed. In all species, the activity of Rubisco was more strongly impaired than that of G3PDH. Exposure to UV resulted in loss of total protein only in the deepwater species L. solidungula and P. rubens. The different sensitivities to UV exposure of the species tested reflect their zonation pattern in the field.

Key words: Macroalgae – Photosynthesis – Ribulose-1, 5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase – UV radiation 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kai Bischof
    • 1
  • Dieter Hanelt
    • 1
  • Christian Wiencke
    • 1
  1. 1.Foundation Alfred Wegener Institute, Am Handelshafen 12, 27570 Bremerhaven, GermanyDE

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