, Volume 250, Issue 1, pp 319–332 | Cite as

Involvement of aquaporins on nitrogen-acquisition strategies of juvenile and adult plants of an epiphytic tank-forming bromeliad

  • Alejandra MatizEmail author
  • Camila Aguetoni Cambuí
  • Nicolas Richet
  • Paulo Tamaso Mioto
  • Fernando Gomes
  • Filipe Christian Pikart
  • François Chaumont
  • Marília Gaspar
  • Helenice Mercier
Original Article


Main conclusion

Depending on the N source and plant ontogenetic state, the epiphytic tank-forming bromeliad Vriesea gigantea can modulate aquaporin expression to maximize the absorption of the most available nitrogen source.


Epiphytic bromeliads frequently present a structure formed by the overlapping of leaf bases where water and nutrients can be accumulated and absorbed, called tank. However, this structure is not present during the juvenile ontogenetic phase, leading to differences in nutrient acquisition strategies. Recent studies have shown a high capacity of the bromeliad Vriesea gigantea, an epiphytic tank-forming bromeliad, to absorb urea by their leaves. Since plant aquaporins can facilitate the diffusion of urea through the membranes, we cloned three foliar aquaporin genes, VgPIP1;1, VgPIP1;2 and VgTIP2;1 from V. gigantea plants. Through functional studies, we observed that besides water, VgTIP2;1 was capable of transporting urea while VgPIP1;2 may facilitate ammonium/ammonia diffusion. Moreover, aiming at identifying urea and ammonium-induced changes in aquaporin expression in leaves of juvenile and adult-tank plants, we showed that VgPIP1;1 and VgPIP1;2 transcripts were up-regulated in response to either urea or ammonium only in juvenile plants, while VgTIP2;1 was up-regulated in response to urea only in adult-tank plants. Thereby, an ontogenetic shift from juvenile to adult-tank-forming-plant appears to occur with metabolic changes regarding nitrogen metabolism regulation. Investigating urea metabolism in wild species that naturally cope with organic N sources, such as V. gigantea, may provide the knowledge to modify nitrogen use efficiency of crop plants.


Ammonium/ammonia diffusion Epiphytic bromeliads MIPs Urea transport Vriesea gigantea 



Major intrinsic proteins


Plasma membrane intrinsic proteins


Tonoplast intrinsic proteins


Asparagine–proline–alanine motif


Froger’s positions


Osmotic water permeability coefficient



We are grateful to São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP) for the financial funding awarded to Alejandra Matiz (Grant number 2013/09097-7) and Helenice Mercier (Grant number 2011/50637-0) and to the National Council of Technological and Scientific Development (CNPq) (Grant numbers 306431/2010-6 and 309504/2014-7). Nicolas Richet and François Chaumont were supported by grants from the Belgian National Fund for Scientific Research (FNRS).

Supplementary material

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Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 16 kb)
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Supplementary material 5 (DOCX 131 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alejandra Matiz
    • 1
    Email author
  • Camila Aguetoni Cambuí
    • 1
  • Nicolas Richet
    • 2
  • Paulo Tamaso Mioto
    • 4
  • Fernando Gomes
    • 3
  • Filipe Christian Pikart
    • 1
  • François Chaumont
    • 2
  • Marília Gaspar
    • 5
  • Helenice Mercier
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Botany, Institute of BiosciencesUniversity of São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Louvain Institute of Biomolecular Science and TechnologyUCLouvainLouvain-la-NeuveBelgium
  3. 3.Department of Genetics and Evolutionary Biology, Institute of BiosciencesUniversity of São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  4. 4.Department of Botany, Biological Sciences CenterFederal University of Santa CatarinaFlorianópolisBrazil
  5. 5.Department of Plant Physiology and BiochemistryInstitute of BotanySão PauloBrazil

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