Advertisement

Planta

pp 1–13 | Cite as

Cultures of Gossypium barbadense cotton ovules offer insights into the microtubule-mediated control of fiber cell expansion

  • Ethan T. Pierce
  • Benjamin P. Graham
  • Michael R. Stiff
  • Jason A. Osborne
  • Candace H. HaiglerEmail author
Original Article
  • 42 Downloads

Abstract

Main conclusion

A novel method for culturing ovules of Gossypium barbadense allowed in vitro comparisons with Gossypium hirsutum and revealed variable roles of microtubules in controlling cotton fiber cell expansion.

Cotton fibers undergo extensive elongation and secondary wall thickening as they develop into our most important renewable textile material. These single cells elongate at the apex as well as elongating and expanding in diameter behind the apex. These multiple growth modes represent an interesting difference compared to classical tip-growing cells that needs to be explored further. In vitro ovule culture enables experimental analysis of the controls of cotton fiber development in commonly grown Gossypium hirsutum cotton, but, previously, there was no equivalent system for G. barbadense, which produces higher quality cotton fiber. Here, we describe: (a) how to culture the ovules of G. barbadense successfully, and (b) the results of an in vitro experiment comparing the role of microtubules in controlling cell expansion in different zones near the apex of three types of cotton fiber tips. Adding the common herbicide fluridone, 1-Methyl-3-phenyl-5-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4(1H)-pyridinone, to the medium supported G. barbadense ovule culture, with positive impacts on the number of useful ovules and fiber length. The effect is potentially mediated through inhibited synthesis of abscisic acid, which antagonized the positive effects of fluridone. Fiber development was perturbed by adding colchicine, a microtubule antagonist, to ovules of G. barbadense and G. hirsutum cultured 2 days after flowering. The results supported the zonal control of cell expansion in one type of G. hirsutum fiber tip and highlighted differences in the role of microtubules in modulating cell expansion between three types of cotton fiber tips.

Keywords

Colchicine Cotton fiber Cytoskeleton Fluridone Ovule culture Plant cell growth 

Abbreviations

ABA

Abscisic acid

ANOVA

Analysis of variance

DPA

Days post-anthesis

DMSO

Dimethyl sulfoxide

Gb

Gossypium barbadense

Gh

Gossypium hirsutum

HSD

Honestly significant difference

Notes

Acknowledgements

For research support, we thank Cotton Incorporated, Cary, NC. For assistance with fiber tip measurements, we thank Robin Grant Moore and Anne Pajerski. For assistance with laser scanning confocal microscopy, we thank Dr. Eva Johannes in the Cellular and Molecular Imaging Facility of North Carolina State University.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of Interest

The authors state that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

425_2019_3106_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (2.8 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (pdf 2830 kb)

References

  1. Avci U, Pattathil S, Singh B, Brown VL, Hahn MG, Haigler CH (2013) Cotton fiber cell walls of Gossypium hirsutum and Gossypium barbadense have differences related to loosely-bound xyloglucan. PLoS One 8:e56315.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0056315 CrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  2. Baskin TI (2005) Anisotropic expansion of the plant cell wall. Annu Rev Cell Dev Biol 21:203–222.  https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.cellbio.20.082503.103053 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Beasley CA, Ting IP (1973) The effects of plant growth substances on in vitro fiber development from fertilized cotton ovules. Am J Bot 60:130–139.  https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1537-2197.1973.tb10209.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bibikova TN, Blancaflor EB, Gilroy S (1999) Microtubules regulate tip growth and orientation in root hairs of Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant J 17:657–665.  https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-313X.1999.00415.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chen J-G, Du X-M, Zhou X, Zhao H-Y (1997) Levels of cytokinins in the ovules of cotton mutants with altered fiber development. J Plant Growth Reg 16:181–185.  https://doi.org/10.1007/pl00006994 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dasani SH, Thaker VS (2006) Role of abscisic acid in cotton fiber development. Russ J Plant Physiol 53:62–67.  https://doi.org/10.1134/s1021443706010080 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Dhindsa RS, Beasley CA, Ting IP (1976) Effects of abscisic acid on in vitro growth of cotton fiber. Planta 130:197–201.  https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00384420 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Didi V, Jackson P, Hejátko J (2015) Hormonal regulation of secondary cell wall formation. J Expt Bot 66:5015–5027.  https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erv222 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Geitmann A (2011) Generating a cellular protuberance: mechanics of tip growth. In: Wojtaszek P (ed) Mechanical integration of plant cells and plants. Springer, Berlin, pp 117–132.  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-19091-9_5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Geitmann A, Ortega JKE (2009) Mechanics and modeling of plant cell growth. Trends Plant Sci 14:467–478.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2009.07.006 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Guerriero G, Hausman J-F, Cai G (2014) No stress! relax! mechanisms governing growth and shape in plant cells. Int J Mol Sci 15:5094–5114.  https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms15035094 CrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  12. Haigler C, Betancur L, Stiff M, Tuttle J (2012) Cotton fiber: a powerful single-cell model for cell wall and cellulose research. Front Plant Sci 3:104.  https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2012.00104 CrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  13. Kitahata N, Asami T (2011) Chemical biology of abscisic acid. J Plant Res 124:549–557.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10265-011-0415-0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kosmidou-Dimitropoulou K (1986) Hormonal influences on fiber development. In: Mauney JR, Stewart JMCD (eds) Cotton physiology. The Cotton Foundation, Memphis, pp 361–373Google Scholar
  15. Liao W, Zhang J, Xu N, Peng M (2010) The role of phytohormones in cotton fiber development. Russ J Plant Phyisol 57:462–468.  https://doi.org/10.1134/s1021443710040023 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Meinert MC, Delmer DP (1977) Changes in the biochemical composition of the cell wall of the cotton fiber during development. Plant Physiol 59:1088–1097CrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  17. Nayyar H, Kaur K, Basra AS, Malik CP (1989) Hormonal regulation of cotton fibre elongation in Gossypium arboreum L. in vitro and in vivo. Biochem Physiol Pflanz 185:415–421.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0015-3796(89)80065-4 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Qin Y-M, Zhu Y-X (2011) How cotton fibers elongate: a tale of linear cell-growth mode. Curr Opin Plant Biol 14:106–111.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pbi.2010.09.010 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Rounds CM, Bezanilla M (2013) Growth mechanisms in tip-growing plant cells. Annu Rev Plant Biol 64:243–265.  https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-arplant-050312-120150 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Schindelin J, Arganda-Carreras I, Frise E, Kaynig V, Longair M, Pietzsch T, Preibisch S, Rueden C, Saalfeld S, Schmid B, Tinevez J-Y, White DJ, Hartenstein V, Eliceiri K, Tomancak P, Cardona A (2012) Fiji: an open-source platform for biological-image analysis. Nat Methods 9:676.  https://doi.org/10.1038/nmeth.2019 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Seagull RW (1990) The effects of microtubule and microfilament disrupting agents on cytoskeletal arrays and wall deposition in developing cotton fibers. Protoplasma 159:44–59.  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01326634 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Seagull RW (1993) Cytoskeletal involvement in cotton fiber growth and development. Micron 24:643–660.  https://doi.org/10.1016/0968-4328(93)90042-Y CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Sedbrook JC, Kaloriti D (2008) Microtubules, MAPs and plant directional cell expansion. Trends Plant Sci 13:303–310.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2008.04.002 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Singh B, Cheek HD, Haigler CH (2009) A synthetic auxin (NAA) suppresses secondary wall cellulose synthesis and enhances elongation in cultured cotton fiber. Plant Cell Rep 28:1023–1032.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00299-009-0714-2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Stanton RA, Gernert KM, Nettles JH, Aneja R (2011) Drugs that target dynamic microtubules: a new molecular perspective. Med Res Rev 31:443–481.  https://doi.org/10.1002/med.20242 CrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  26. Stiff MR, Haigler CH (2016) Cotton fiber tips have diverse morphologies and show evidence of apical cell wall synthesis. Sci Rep 6:27883.  https://doi.org/10.1038/srep27883 CrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  27. Waldrep TW, Taylor HM (1976) 1-Methyl-3-phenyl-5-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4(1H)-pyridinone, a new herbicide. J Agric Food Chem 24:1250–1251.  https://doi.org/10.1021/jf60208a047 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Zaiontz C (2015) Real statistics using excel. www.real-statistics.com. Accessed Oct 2015

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ethan T. Pierce
    • 1
    • 2
  • Benjamin P. Graham
    • 2
  • Michael R. Stiff
    • 1
    • 4
  • Jason A. Osborne
    • 3
  • Candace H. Haigler
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Crop and Soil SciencesNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA
  2. 2.Department of Plant and Microbial BiologyNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA
  3. 3.Department of StatisticsNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA
  4. 4.Department of BiologyLenoir-Rhyne UniversityHickoryUSA

Personalised recommendations