Expression of TaGF14b, a 14-3-3 adaptor protein gene from wheat, enhances drought and salt tolerance in transgenic tobacco
TaGF14b enhances tolerance to multiple stresses through ABA signaling pathway by altering physiological and biochemical processes, including ROS-scavenging system, stomatal closure, compatible osmolytes, and stress-related gene expressions in tobaccos.
The 14-3-3 proteins are involved in plant growth, development, and in responding to abiotic stresses. However, the precise functions of 14-3-3s in responding to drought and salt stresses remained unclear, especially in wheat. In this study, a 14-3-3 gene from wheat, designated TaGF14b, was cloned and characterized. TaGF14b was upregulated by polyethylene glycol 6000, sodium chloride, hydrogen peroxide, and abscisic acid (ABA) treatments. Ectopic expression of TaGF14b in tobacco conferred enhanced tolerance to drought and salt stresses. Transgenic tobaccos had longer root, better growth status, and higher relative water content, survival rate, photosynthetic rate, and water use efficiency than control plants under drought and salt stresses. The contribution of TaGF14b to drought and salt tolerance relies on the regulations of ABA biosynthesis and ABA signaling, as well as stomatal closure and stress-related gene expressions. Moreover, TaGF14b expression could significantly enhance the reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging system to ameliorate oxidative damage to cells. In addition, TaGF14b increased tolerance to osmotic stress evoked by drought and salinity through modifying water conservation and compatible osmolytes in plants. In conclusion, TaGF14b enhances tolerance to multiple abiotic stresses through the ABA signaling pathway in transgenic tobaccos by altering physiological and biochemical processes.
KeywordsABA Drought and salt stresses Oxidative damage ROS-scavenging system TaGF14b Wheat
ABA-responsive element-binding transcription factor
Dehydration-responsive element-binding protein
Green fluorescent protein
Lipid transfer protein
9-cis-Epoxycarotenoid dioxygenase 1
Reactive oxygen species
Water use efficiency
The work was supported by National Genetically Modified New Varieties of Major Projects of China (2016ZX08010004-004), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 31771418, 31570261), and Key Project of Hubei Province (2017AHB041).
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
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